In 2017, global electricity production increased by 2.5% to reach 25 721 TWh. In terms of production shares, combustible fuels accounted for 66.8% of total world gross electricity production (of which: 64.5% from fossil fuels; 2.3% from biofuels and waste), hydroelectric plants: 16.3%; nuclear plants: 10.2%; wind: 4.4%; solar: 1.8%; and geothermal, tidal, and other sources: 0.5%.

Globally, the largest electricity consuming countries are the People’s Republic of China (25.9%) and the United States (17.5%), who together account for over 40% of global consumption. These are followed by India (5.4%), Japan (4.5%), the Russian Federation (3.6%), Korea (2.4%), Germany (2.4%), Canada (2.4%), Brazil (2.3%), and France (2.0%). In total, the top-ten consuming countries account for more than two-thirds of global electricity consumption.

However, the ranking differs significantly in terms of electricity consumption per capita. This is because electrification rates, penetration of appliances, market saturation, and electrical heating or cooling requirements have a major impact on per capita consumption levels. For instance, although India ranks third globally in terms of total electricity consumption, it ranks quite low in terms of electricity consumption per capita. The consumption per capita map available on the IEA Energy Atlas is quite informative in this respect. Other maps are also available, such as: the share of fossil fuels in electricity production, the share of renewables in electricity production, and the share of nuclear in electricity production.

Interesting figures and charts on: