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  1. #1
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    A bit of history, Australia's first terror attack

    Broken Hill, 1915.

    Gool Mahomed sold ice-cream around Broken Hill, so few took notice when the picnic train approached the two turbaned men beside his ice-cream cart flying a strange little red flag with a crescent and star.
    The Ottoman flag hung limp in the mid-morning sun as the pair suddenly threw themselves prone in the red dirt and peered down the sights of ancient rifles.
    They fired, peppering the train with 48 shots as it slowly chugged past carrying men, women and children in open carriages.



    One of the bullets smashed into Alma Cowie's head and the 17-year-old slumped over her boyfriend Clarrie O'Brien.
    Depending on your point of view, she was the first Australian killed by the enemy on home soil in World War I, or the first Australian to fall to an act of terrorism.
    It was January 1, 1915, the Gallipoli landing lay ahead but the attack riveted the nation and soldiers overseas. The then attorney-general, Billy Hughes, agitated for the internment of enemy nationals. It became background noise to conscription campaigns. A young Victorian Anzac was to write to the people of Broken Hill: "I can tell you we will be letting the Turks know there will be more to shoot at than a picnic train."

    But that New Year's Day, the war was a world away from Broken Hill.
    Some 1200 residents had climbed into freshly swept ore trucks fitted with benches and set off on the Manchester Unity Order of Oddfellows Club annual picnic train ride to Silverton near the South Australian border.
    Gool Mohamed and his older accomplice Mulla Abdulla waited to begin their two-man war on the dusty outskirts. There was little cover. Four decades of mining had cleared the saltbush and trees for firewood.
    The passengers were sitting ducks. They hit 10 people. Three died. Adults threw themselves over children, some leapt off the slow-moving carriages and bolted.
    The train drifted out of sight and the two assailants fled armed with an elderly Martini-Henry breech-loading rifle, a Snider-Enfield carbine, a revolver and home-made bandoliers. They headed for a quartz outcrop now known as White Rocks Reserve about two kilometres away.
    The White Australia policy was in full bloom, a curious anomaly in a mining town founded on the camel's back. Dromedaries were cheaper to run than bullocks but the cameleers from the North-West Frontier, although British subjects, were hugely resented, denied union membership, confined with their smelly beasts to camel camps outside town and allowed only Aboriginal women. The Barrier Truth newspaper fulminated against "The Afghan Menace"; the opposition Barrier Miner newspaper ran a series demanding the cameleers be thrown out of town.
    The lead, zinc and silver from Broken Hill's line of lode was worth $100 billion. Profit vied with bitter strikes and lockouts and turned the town into a citadel of union power. Broken Hill gave the nation BHP, actor Chips Rafferty, soprano June Bronhill, comedian the Sandman and painter Pro Hart and its hard-drinking masculine culture provided the setting for the seminal 1971 film Wake in Fright. But in 1915, remorseless isolation made Broken Hill an inward-looking society whose 33,000 residents disliked outsiders and pigeon-holed the rest of the world with the question: "You come from Away?"
    Fined
    Gool Mohamed, born in what is now Afghanistan in 1874, came to Australia as a cameleer. Shortly after Federation he travelled to Turkey to fight for the Ottoman empire army, returning to work in the mines. But the war knocked mineral prices, pit work evaporated and he hawked ice-cream.
    Mulla Abdulla was born near the Kyber Pass around 1855 and was the imam and halal butcher for the Broken Hill camel camp. Children threw stones at him. "Beyond complaining to police, he was never known to retaliate," The Sydney Morning Herald reported on January 4, 1915.
    Days before the picnic train attack, Mulla Abdulla had been fined for killing sheep off licensed premises on the evidence of the council sanitary officer. Perhaps it was no accident one of their train victims was a sanitary department foreman, William Shaw.
    After the attack, pandemonium broke out.
    Authorities took the best part of an hour to get their act together. Police were mustered and armed, a small force from the local army base was alerted and local militia rushed the Barrier Boy's Brigade for rifles.
    "There was," the Barrier Miner reported, "a desperate determination to leave no work for the hangman, or torun the risk of the murderers of peaceful citizens being allowed to escape."
    Author Patsy Adam-Smith described it less heroically in 1969, saying it was "as close a parallel to the Keystone Cops of silent comedy days as this country is ever likely to see". One of the police cars broke down and when constable Robert Mills, approached the pair not realising they were his quarry, he was shot in the groin and leg.
    The fleeing cameleers had already killed another man on their way to the quartz outcrop. Enraged, locals descended on the area. Shootists surrounded the tor and poured hot fire on the pair. Mulla Abdulla fell but Gool Mahomed fought on, keeping several hundred men at bay. His attempt to surrender was ignored.
    Just before 1pm police and military rushed the redoubt to find the old man dead and his younger accomplice alive but riddled with 16 bullets. He died on the way to hospital.
    What became known as "The Battle of Broken Hill" (thanks largely to a little-seen 1981 film of the same name) was over after three hours.
    Six died and at least seven were wounded, including two children. The "Turks'" bodies were disposed off swiftly and secretly. Camel camp residents wanted nothing to do with their purification. They may have buried under an explosives store or in the jail murderer's plot.
    Broken Hill celebrated its victory. Souvenir hunters tore the ice-cream cart apart, scavenged bullet-riddle carriages and hunted for spent cartridges. By nightfall a mob full of beer and wind wheeled into Delamore Street to torch the German Club. Fire carts arrived but hoses were chopped up to ensure the building burned to the ground. The mob then headed to the camel camp amid cries of "Remember our women who were shot".
    Police unsuccessfully attempted to halt the march. But the lynch mob ran out of steam when confronted by a detachment of civilian and military forces with fixed bayonets lined up across the road outside the camel camp.
    Inflamed
    The ambush inflamed Australia.
    The Sydney Morning Herald's six-deck headline shouted "The fight with the Turks". The Melbourne Argus was equally as shrill: "Turks Attack Train". In Adelaide, a mob tore down a Muslim flag from the minaret on the Little Gilbert Street mosque. Billy Hughes used the attack to intern all "enemy aliens" for the duration of the war.
    Three days after the attack, 11 aliens were arrested in Broken Hill and sent to Adelaide for incarceration in the Torrens Island Concentration Camp. Only one company, Central Mine, stood down aliens. Union leaders said nothing, mindful perhaps that aliens helped hold the line against BHP in the 1909 lockout.
    Australia also began a sort of town planning ethnic cleansing: place names like Germanton were changed to Holbrook (NSW) and Grovedale (Victoria) as authorities swept away teutonic vestiges.
    Peter Black, former Labor MP for the seat of Murray-Darling who served 19 years as mayor of Broken Hill, said the attack resonated in modern-day Australia.
    "It was used for quite terrible purposes. The conservative governments of the day embraced it in the same way we embracing terrorism in Australia today, as a motivational force. While we're talking about terrorism were not talking about a federal budget are we?"
    Days after the attack, a miner found three Urdu statements under a rock at the last stand. One was Gool Mahomed's application to join the Turkish army. "I kill your people because your people are fighting my country," he wrote. Mulla Abdulla's mentioned the court case and said both had prayed "to Allah that life was no more use to them ... I have never worn a turban since the day some larrikans threw stones at me ... I wear the turban today." Some dispute the suicide notes' veracity.
    On January 7, coroner C.F. Butler, SM, found four Broken Hill residents had died of gunshot wounds "feloniously and maliciously inflicted on them" by the "Afghans".
    Broken Hill Historical Society secretary Jenny Camilleri said the attack was buried in the past: "It was never mentioned in school. We didn't even know the meaning of the word Muslim until recently."
    But memories did not die. Technical school students made a replica of the ice-cream cart and it now does duty as a tourist attraction at White Rocks Reserve; a rotting old wooden ore carriage denotes the attack site and the Police and Justice Museum in Sydney has the rifles, the Turkish flag, a bandolier and a Koran.
    When Alma Cowie died in Clarrie O'Brien's arms on the picnic train she was wearing his friendship. His son found it when Clarrie died and gave it to a local museum.
    For Peggy Corny, Alma's niece, the ring completed the circle. "It was just so lovely to know after so many years that he treasured her all his life," Peggy said.
    Alma Cowie is buried in a family grave in the dusty Broken Hill Cemetery about 500 metres from where she was shot. A glass dome filled with delicate porcelain flowers and small birds sits on the white tiled slab. Peggy Corney cleans it occasionally. "The red dirt gets into everything out here," she says.


    Read more: Broken Hill, New Year's Day, 1915 was Australia's first terrorist attack







    Read more: Broken Hill, New Year's Day, 1915 was Australia's first terrorist attack

    Read more: Broken Hill, New Year's Day, 1915 was Australia's first terrorist attack

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    Thaks for that.

    However few Australians like to see their own ancestors as brutal terrorists yet the example of Tasmania leaves little doubt.

    Black War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Quote Originally Posted by david44 View Post
    Thaks for that.

    However few Australians like to see their own ancestors as brutal terrorists yet the example of Tasmania leaves little doubt.

    Black War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    That abo hunts were a feature at many manor parties is no secret.
    No one is in denial of the British colonist activities.

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    An interesting piece of history that I was unaware of. Cheers.

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    So Australia had an Islamic problem way back then.
    Don't they learn from their History.

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    The last legal abo hunt is recorded as;

    1928 Coniston massacre: On 7 August 1928, a white dingo trapper, Frederick Brooks, was allegedly 'murdered' by Aboriginal people on Conistonstation in Northern Territory.

    Brooks had been killed with traditional Aboriginal weapons after which the body was buried. Padygar and Arkikra, two Aboriginal men, were arrested for the murder. They stood trial in Darwin but were ultimately acquitted.

    The actual killer of Brooks it was later revealed from accounts by Aboriginal eye-witnesses, was Kamalyarrpa Japanangka (aka 'Bullfrog'). The sixty year old Brooks was camped at Yurrkuru waterhole, 20 km west of the Coniston homestead, when he was attacked early one morning by a group of Warlpiri people, which included Kamalyarrpa.

    The murder had been planned by Kamalyarrpa 'Bullfrog'.

    A series of reprisals followed stretching over the period from 14 August to 18 October 1928 and instigated by groups of civilians and police on horseback and headed by Constable George Murray.

    Official records says that thirty-one Aborigines were killed, yet unofficial estimates says that more than sixty men, women and children from Warlpiri, Anmatyerre and Kaytetye people were shot at a number of sites.

    A survivor of the massacre, Billy Stockman Tjapaltjarri, later became part of the first generation of Papunya painting men.

    Billy Stockman was saved by his mother who put him in a coolamon[105]

    A court of inquiry said the European action was ‘justified'.

    List of massacres of Indigenous Australians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Quote Originally Posted by Necron99 View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by david44 View Post
    Thaks for that.

    However few Australians like to see their own ancestors as brutal terrorists yet the example of Tasmania leaves little doubt.

    Black War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    That abo hunts were a feature at many manor parties is no secret.
    No one is in denial of the British colonist activities.

    I'm actually not being a smart arse here (well, maybe a little...), but at what period in time did the British Colonials become Australian?

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    ENT
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    Good point, dem plury skippy gubnas all.

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    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia

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    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker View Post
    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia
    Hmmmm..
    Just thinking the same.

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    Quote Originally Posted by thaimeme View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker View Post
    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia
    Hmmmm..
    Just thinking the same.
    Yeh, could be bu the story isn't about Abo's or a historical conquest of stone age people by a colonial power.

    If you want to talk about Abo's, go start a thread about it. Put some Pilger stories in it to make you feel sufficiently embarrassed and remorseful.

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    Had the title been first white victims then a debate on this one incident would be relevant.
    However the OP asserts Australia's first terror attack.

    The lack of empathy or understanding of differing cultures who may have been less developed by European standards,itself debateable still permeates the white old geezers who could not imagine an "Abo" wife but are happy to rub along with the daughters of Esaan by the hour .

    Ive lived in Denmark Saudi Japan UAE Ireland UK France and Finland inter alia.

    Ive worked in Oman,Hungary Spain Portugal and spent long periods in USA and have never found a country so racist.Hungary and Austria distant seconds
    I used to have a job at a calendar factory.
    I got the sack because
    I took a couple of days off.

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    ^ As per usual d44, your post is unclear.

    You have never found a country so racist ...... as who? Are you talking about Thailand or Australia?

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    Quote Originally Posted by david44
    Thaks for that.

    However few Australians like to see their own ancestors as brutal terrorists yet the example of Tasmania leaves little doubt.

    Black War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Quote Originally Posted by Necron99
    That abo hunts were a feature at many manor parties is no secret.
    Quote Originally Posted by ENT
    The last legal abo hunt is recorded as;
    Quote Originally Posted by Necron99
    If you want to talk about Abo's, go start a thread about it
    Starts at the 2nd post . . . with your contribution closely following - why not take your own advice then?

    Quote Originally Posted by david44
    Ive lived in Denmark Saudi Japan UAE Ireland UK France and Finland inter alia.

    Ive worked in Oman,Hungary Spain Portugal and spent long periods in USA and have never found a country so racist.Hungary and Austria distant seconds
    I agree . . . but the denial is there

    Quote Originally Posted by palexxxx
    You have never found a country so racist ...... as who? Are you talking about Thailand or Australia?
    A hnt . . . it starts with an 'A'

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    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker View Post
    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia
    No, that would be an invasion force then.
    You are saying that any nation invading another are terrorists.
    Perhaps we have to settle on a definition of 'terrorist'.
    It is my understanding that the British used uniformed and regular servicemen.
    Whereas 'terrorists' use disguised undercover operatives to perform acts of terror against the 'enemy' far from the field of battle.
    Perhaps the British sent few undercover suicide bombers to coroborees.
    What the brits did to the Abos is something altogether different.
    More akin to what that Spanish chap did to the South American natives.
    But it was all so long ago now...actually, not really.
    "In my professional assessment as an intelligence officer, Trump has a reflexive, defensive, monumentally narcissistic personality, for whom the facts and national interest are irrelevant, and the only thing that counts is whatever gives personal advantage and directs attention to himself."

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    Not so long ago
    in Jo Bjeke Petersland homphobic racist Queensland

    Source
    2004 Palm Island death in custody - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    The death of Cameron Doomadgee[edit]
    Cameron Doomadgee, an Indigenous Australian was aged 36 when he died. The time of death was about 11:20am on Palm Island, one hour after being picked up for allegedly causing a public nuisance. Mulrunji was placed in the two-cell lockup which was the back section of the Palm Island Police Station. Fellow Palm Islander Patrick Bramwell was placed in the adjoining cell.[1]
    The arresting officer, Senior Sergeant Chris Hurley, and the Indigenous Police liaison officer, Lloyd Bengaroo, were flown off the island the following Monday after receiving death threats and Chris Hurley's house being burned down

    [URL="This was the 147th death of an Aboriginal person in custody since the handing down of the 1990 Royal Commission"]This was the 147th death of an Aboriginal person in custody since the handing down of the 1990 Royal Commission[/URL]

    in a place with less people than Malyasia

    https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2004/...e-plea-decency

    A nation of convicts the dregs of Europe

    BBC News - Australia ex-state premier's daughter charged with murder

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    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker View Post
    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia
    They arrived to civilise you backward morons, and now they built a better country than that cold little Island they left, you have become whingers to their success.

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    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker
    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia
    The more I read that, the less sense it makes. I;d hszard a guess on crocodiles, spiders or, flies

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    Quote Originally Posted by wasabi
    They arrived to civilise you backward morons,
    You do realise that no-one here is aboriginal . . . talk about morons . . .

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    Quote Originally Posted by thaimeme View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker View Post
    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia
    Hmmmm..
    Just thinking the same.
    I think it was the Portugese, who followed on from the Senghalese and of course Indians from the Mauria Empire of Ashoka the Great, circa. 230 BC., the Chinese, sometime around 1st-2nd century AD, along with Roman traders camped out in Arnhem Land Gulf of Carpenteria way, as did the Phoenicians who left a sizeable colony there France and Spain got there after the Potugese and the Dutch, followed last by Britain.



    "The theory of Portuguese discovery of Australia claims that early Portuguese navigators were the first Europeans to sight Australia between 1521 and 1524, well before the arrival of Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606 on board the Duyfken who is generally considered to be the discoverer. This is based on the following elements:[1][2]

    The Dieppe maps, a group of 16th-century French world maps, which depict a large landmass between Indonesia and Antarctica. Labelled as Java la Grande, this land mass carries French, Portuguese, and Gallicized Portuguese placenames, and has been interpreted by some as corresponding to Australia's northwestern and eastern coasts.
    The presence of Portuguese colonies in Southeast Asia from the early 16th century, particularly Portuguese Timor – approximately 650 kilometres from the Australian coast – c. 1513–1516.[3][4]
    Various antiquities found on Australian coastlines, claimed to be relics of early Portuguese voyages to Australia.
    Precedence of discovery has also been claimed for China,[5] France,[6] Spain,[7] India,[8] and even Phoenicia.[9]"

    Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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    Quote Originally Posted by ENT View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by thaimeme View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker View Post
    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia
    Hmmmm..
    Just thinking the same.
    I think it was the Portugese, who followed on from the Senghalese and of course Indians from the Mauria Empire of Ashoka the Great, circa. 230 BC., the Chinese, sometime around 1st-2nd century AD, along with Roman traders camped out in Arnhem Land Gulf of Carpenteria way, as did the Phoenicians who left a sizeable colony there France and Spain got there after the Potugese and the Dutch, followed last by Britain.



    "The theory of Portuguese discovery of Australia claims that early Portuguese navigators were the first Europeans to sight Australia between 1521 and 1524, well before the arrival of Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606 on board the Duyfken who is generally considered to be the discoverer. This is based on the following elements:[1][2]

    The Dieppe maps, a group of 16th-century French world maps, which depict a large landmass between Indonesia and Antarctica. Labelled as Java la Grande, this land mass carries French, Portuguese, and Gallicized Portuguese placenames, and has been interpreted by some as corresponding to Australia's northwestern and eastern coasts.
    The presence of Portuguese colonies in Southeast Asia from the early 16th century, particularly Portuguese Timor – approximately 650 kilometres from the Australian coast – c. 1513–1516.[3][4]
    Various antiquities found on Australian coastlines, claimed to be relics of early Portuguese voyages to Australia.
    Precedence of discovery has also been claimed for China,[5] France,[6] Spain,[7] India,[8] and even Phoenicia.[9]"

    Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Oh dear, Ent...
    Actually, it was the Chinese that explored what is now Australia before anyone.
    Where do you think the Portuguese received [or stole] their maps??

    Enough of the Eurocentric spin towards world historiography within an already bias and false examination of a thread.

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    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by palexxxx
    You have never found a country so racist ...... as who? Are you talking about Thailand or Australia?
    A hnt . . . it starts with an 'A'

    Oh!!, thanks... Asia.

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    Quote Originally Posted by thaimeme View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by ENT View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by thaimeme View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by OckerRocker View Post
    Surely the first 'terrorists' were the British when they invaded what is now Australia
    Hmmmm..
    Just thinking the same.
    I think it was the Portugese, who followed on from the Senghalese and of course Indians from the Mauria Empire of Ashoka the Great, circa. 230 BC., the Chinese, sometime around 1st-2nd century AD, along with Roman traders camped out in Arnhem Land Gulf of Carpenteria way, as did the Phoenicians who left a sizeable colony there France and Spain got there after the Potugese and the Dutch, followed last by Britain.



    "The theory of Portuguese discovery of Australia claims that early Portuguese navigators were the first Europeans to sight Australia between 1521 and 1524, well before the arrival of Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606 on board the Duyfken who is generally considered to be the discoverer. This is based on the following elements:[1][2]

    The Dieppe maps, a group of 16th-century French world maps, which depict a large landmass between Indonesia and Antarctica. Labelled as Java la Grande, this land mass carries French, Portuguese, and Gallicized Portuguese placenames, and has been interpreted by some as corresponding to Australia's northwestern and eastern coasts.
    The presence of Portuguese colonies in Southeast Asia from the early 16th century, particularly Portuguese Timor – approximately 650 kilometres from the Australian coast – c. 1513–1516.[3][4]
    Various antiquities found on Australian coastlines, claimed to be relics of early Portuguese voyages to Australia.
    Precedence of discovery has also been claimed for China,[5] France,[6] Spain,[7] India,[8] and even Phoenicia.[9]"

    Theory of the Portuguese discovery of Australia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Oh dear, Ent...
    Actually, it was the Chinese that explored what is now Australia before anyone.
    Where do you think the Portuguese received [or stole] their maps??

    Enough of the Eurocentric spin towards world historiography within an already bias and false examination of a thread.
    Get off your myopic high horse and stop bleating out your triumphalist chatter!
    When precisely do you think the Chinese arrived in Australia?

    Chinese coins of the Chin dynasty (the ones with little square holes in them) were found at the same occupation level in Arnhem Land as some Roman coins of Antonius Caesar reign, (who was known in China as Antun), near an earlier occupation level containing a Phoenician trading post, which is dated to circa, 1,000 BC.

    Roman trade throughout Melanesia and NH. Australia in the form of pottery manufactured in Roman colonial India, (near Chenai) has been found in Brunei, so it's not surprising that their artifacts turned up in Australia.

    The Romans simply followed the Phoenicians to India thence to Melanesia, Australia and the Pacific.

    Chinese exploration occurred on a grander scale much later, their greatest expansion occurring in the 14th century under Admiral Ho (spelling?).

    Cheers

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    Quote Originally Posted by Koojo
    Perhaps we have to settle on a definition of 'terrorist'.
    Here's something interesting. . .

    Origin of term terrorism:

    Mass killings in the Vendée during the Reign of Terror in France, 1793
    "Terrorism" comes from the French word terrorisme,[15] and originally referred specifically to state terrorism as practiced by the French government during the 1793–1794 Reign of terror. The French word terrorisme in turn derives from the Latin verb terreō meaning "I frighten".[16] The terror cimbricus was a panic and state of emergency in Rome in response to the approach of warriors of the Cimbri tribe in 105 BC. The Jacobins cited this precedent when imposing a Reign of Terror during the French Revolution.[17][18] After the Jacobins lost power, the word "terrorist" became a term of abuse.[9] Although "terrorism" originally referred to acts committed by a government, currently it usually refers to the killing of innocent people
    I think our idea of a ragtag bunch of killers blowing themselves up being the definitive terrorist is a new relatively one

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    Quote Originally Posted by wasabi
    They arrived to civilise you backward morons, and now they built a better country than that cold little Island they left, you have become whingers to their success.
    Tried to make sense out of this verbal diarrhea but it still doesn't make sense . . . are you saying the English built Australia?
    That the UK isn't developed? As developed?
    Who did 'they' actually 'civilise'? By saying 'you', you clearly mean modern day Australians, the vast majority of which arrived in the country in the recent past . . . by which time the number of colonial English Australians (when did they cease to be English and when did they become Australian and did they civilise themselves when they became Australians etc . . . )

    Moron, indeed . . .

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