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Thai Civets

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Apart from the animal ointment, civet coffee from small Indian civet excrement, meanwhile, is something that coffee lovers should not miss.

At another farm, the animals are fed with coffee berries -- only the finest berries with fleshy pulp will be selected and eaten by the animals. The coffee beans, indigested through the animals' digestion system, come out as excrement and are processed as used for the most expensive and unusual human coffee beverage.

Civet coffee, believed to have started in Indonesia, is harvested now in Malaysia and Vietnam. Known as 'Kopi Luwak' in Indonesia, it has become the world's most expensive coffee. Continued Here.

Three-striped Palm Civet

Scientific Name : Arctogalidia trivirgata
General Characteristics : The Three-striped Palm Civet (Arctogalidia trivirgata), is also known as the Small-toothed Palm Civet. Mid-sized by the standards of its family, weighing 2.4 kg and measures 53 cm long along the body, plus a tail of 58 cm. It has short fur that is generally a tawny or buff color while the head is a darker greyish tawny. Its muzzle is brown with a white streak that extends from the nose to the forehead. The back has three distinct black or dark brown stripes running along the length of the body.
Habitat / Food : It lives in dense forests mainly in southern Thailand. The diet is varied and omnivorous, and usually consist of insects, small mammals, nesting birds, fruits, frogs and lizards.
Behavior / Mating : Matching the habits of other palm civets, this species is solitary, arboreal and nocturnal. Its gestation period is 45 days, and the average litter size is 3, which are born in dens made in the trees. Young open their eyes at 11 days and are weaned at two months. It can have two litters a year and there is no set mating season. It can live for 11 years.
Current Status : It is threatened primarily by deforestation, as are many Southeast Asian forest animals.
Visiting Location : Chiang Mai Zoo

Spotted Linsang

Scientific Name : Prionodon pardicolor
General Characteristics : Prionodon pardicolor is a long, thin, cat-like, arboreal carnivore. It is 38 to 41 cm long from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail. The tail is 33 to 35 cm long. There are no reported differences in size between males and females. The head resembles that of a fox, but has a longer muzzle. The large, dark eyes see well at night. Hearing is acute and the pointy ears are highly mobile. The soft, dense fur feels like velvet and is cryptically colored with spots arranged in longitudinal rows. Individuals vary in coat color from orange-buff to pale brown. The long and fluffy tail is banded with eight to ten dark rings. The large, well padded feet are covered with short hair and have retractile claws. The front paws have claw sheaths, but the hind feet have protective lobes of skin.
Habitat / Food : Spotted linsangs occupy dense tropical forests. They have also been seen in areas with drier conditions. Very rare to find in the wild in Thailand. It eats birds, mammals, amphibians, eggs, insects and fruit.
Behavior / Mating : Spotted linsangs are primarily arboreal predators. Their sharp claws and long, thin bodies help them to run along branches. Although primarily arboreal, these animals also spend time hunting on the ground. They are nocturnal and spend the day sleeping in nests in tree hollows or under tree roots. The nests are lined with dry leaves and twigs. They are not thought to be social. Individual females can produce one or two litters per year. Litters of two are common. Newborn weight for P. linsang is 40 g. The young are hidden in tree or root hollows lined with dried vegetation, where they may stay until weaning.
Current Status : It is a protected animal of Thailand under Thai Wildlife Protection Act B.E. 2535.
Visiting Location : Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo

Common Palm Civet

Scientific Name : Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
General Characteristics : The Common/Asian Palm Civet is small mottled gray and black colored weighing 2 to 5 kg It has a body length of 53 cm and a tail length of 48 cm . Its long, stocky body is covered with coarse, shaggy hair that is usually greyish in color, with black on its feet, ears and muzzle. It has three rows of black markings on its body. The markings on its face resemble a raccoon's. Its tail does not have rings, unlike similar civet species. Both sexes have scent glands underneath the tail that resemble testicles. Civets spray a noxious secretion from these glands.
Habitat / Food : They normally inhabit primary forests, but also occur at lower densities in secondary and selectively logged forest. They also inhabit parks and suburban gardens with mature fruit trees, fig trees and undisturbed vegetation. Their sharp claws allow them to climb trees and house gutters. Asian palm civets are omnivores utilizing fruits such as berries and pulpy fruits as a major food source, and thus help to maintain tropical forest ecosystems via seed dispersal. They eat mango, rambutan and coffee, but also small mammals and insects.
Behavior / Mating : Palm civets are believed to lead solitary lifestyles, except for brief periods during mating. They are both terrestrial and arboreal, showing nocturnal activity patterns with peaks between late evening until after midnight. They are usually active between 6:00 pm and 4:00 am, being less active during nights when the moon is brightest. They perform scent marking using anal glands, urine, and feces. The most common marking behavior is dragging the anal glands on a surface to leave a scent. They are able to identify animal species, sex, and whether the individual who left the scent is known or unknown by smelling an anal scent secretion. During brief periods of mating and when the females have their young, the civets occupy resting trees together. Kittens are born in a litter of 2 to 5 young. Palm civets become sexually mature at 11 to 12 months. In captivity the common palm civet can live up to 22 years.
Current Status : Classified as non-endangered
Visiting Location : Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo

Banded Palm Civet

Scientific Name : Hemigalus derbyanus
General Characteristics : Hemigalus derbyanus are about the size of small domestic cats, with long slender bodies. This species ranges in length (nose to anus) from 46 to 53 centimeters. They have gray-yellow woolly hair with seven or eight crescent shaped black markings on the dorsal side and black rings around their tails, which vary from 25 to 38 centimeters in length. Partially retractable claws and powerful feet allow banded palm civets to be very able climbers, and long tapered snouts assist in their feeding habits. Both males and females of the species possess vestigial anal glands. Underparts of the body are lighter than the dorsal side.
Habitat / Food : Banded palm civets are partly arboreal and prefer tall forests. They are nocturnal and feed mainly on the ground at night, sleeping in holes in the ground or in trees during the day. Hemigalus derbyanus are also known to forage for prey in trees and near streams. Primarily found only in Southern Thailand. Banded palm civets are primarily carnivores, hunting for prey in trees, near streams or on the forest floor. Much of their diet consists of locusts and worms, but they also eat crustaceans, aquatic and terrestrial snails, spiders, ants, frogs and occasionally fruit.
Behavior / Mating : Hemigalus derbyanus is a solitary species, with males and females associating only for mating. Scent markings play an important role in territorial and defensive communication among individuals. Although little is known regarding the mating habits of banded palm civets, the relatively long nursing period of the female (about 70 days) suggests that large amounts of energy are required and thus feeding must increase during the pregnancy and following the birth of her young.
Current Status : It is a protected animal of Thailand under Thai Wildlife Protection Act B.E. 2535.
Visiting Location : Dusit Zoo, Khao Kheow Open Zoo, Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo, Chiang Mai Zoo, Song Khla Zoo