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  1. #1101
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    Quote Originally Posted by nathanielnong View Post
    died unexpectedly on June 13th, 1920 from pneumonia during his royal visit down south of Siam.
    Not sure whether was mentioned before what the little birds twittered about the "pneumonia"?

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    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-02-01-jpg

    Prince Pramote was a son of King Rama II with one of his Royal Concubines and a half-brother of King Rama III and IV. During the reigns of those two Kings, he was responsible for a lot of duties assigned by the Kings.


    One of them was the chief of the Division of ‘Acrobats’. The officers under this Division were all Vietnamese who lived in Bangkok whose responsibility were to master and perform various kinds of terrifying acrobatics.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-02-02-jpg


    This Division was one of the five under the Department of Entertainment which were directly under the care of the Kings. They were existed during the first four reigns.

    (Note: The photo of the Prince shown above was one of the very first few photos, left to today, ever taken in Siam. It was taken in the late reign of King Rama III, mid 1850s, when the Prince’s age was around early 30s. The process of taking photos around that time was called Daguerreotype. It is too bad that King Rama III still believed in superstition otherwise we could see what and how he looked like from his photos)




    Last edited by nathanielnong; 15-09-2021 at 10:14 AM.

  3. #1103
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    Quote Originally Posted by Klondyke View Post
    Not sure whether was mentioned before what the little birds twittered about the "pneumonia"?

    Yes, they did.

  4. #1104
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    An example of the officially full 'title+name' of the Kings of Siam/Thailand: Here is King Rama VI’s

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-01-jpg


    Welcome to the make-believe world!
    Last edited by nathanielnong; 15-09-2021 at 02:49 PM.

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    Additional photo to the article on page 44/1099

    King Rama VI is seen attending the Royal Cremation of his brother, Prince Chakrabongse Bhuvanath, at Sanum Luang.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-jpg

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    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a17-jpg

    According to the story on page 20/486, this computer colored photo shows a group of Siamese militia soldiers resting before further their traveling from Istres Station on the Mediterranean coast in southern France to Paris to have a proper train in the school of aviation and military vehicles, during the end of World War I

    Last edited by nathanielnong; 16-09-2021 at 10:13 AM.

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    During March 19th – 25th, 1891, Nicholas Alexandrovish, Tsarevich (Crown Prince Nicholas) of Russia who later became Emperor Nicholas II, the last Emperor of All Russia visited Siam. He was well and warmly received by King Rama V.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-06-01-jpg
    (The boy on the left was Siamese Crown Prince Maha Vajirunhit. His unfortunate story can be read on page 23/562)



    The welcome reception of the Russian heir was said to be so grand. Anything that was graceful and honorable that Siamese could make would be done to please him. It was said that even the curtains in his private room were made of fresh flowers in Siamese style which were neatly done by the court's women's craftsmanship and they were changed every day.

    During that time, there was a saying used for people who did anything neat and grand that “Are you doing this is for ‘Sa-ra-vid (Thai pronunciation for ‘
    Tsarevich’)?

    During 22nd – 25th March, the King took Tsarevich to Bang Pa-In in the old city of Ayutthaya. The King along with the royal family and many senior officials participated gave honorary reception to him. It was as great as the event in Bangkok.

    Apart from guiding Tsarevich to visit important places in the old city, more festivals were arranged such as a boat race, traditional singing club and etc. including royal feast and fairs at night.

    Over 3,000 Ayutthaya people were given the opportunity to attend and gave Tsarevish presents they could acquire starting from baskets of seasonal fruits, wild animals such as birds, rabbits, squirrels, etc. to various items such as handmade ax-pillows, flour grinders and more.

    All of them with their presents seen lining throughout the royal courtyard and in the court area at Bang Pa-In Palace gave Tsarevich a deep touch and as for all the people, this event of witnessing the handsome 'farung' prince had engraved in their heart forever.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-06-01-01-jpg


    As a part of the tour in Bang Pa-In, Tsarevich was guided to see how to catch for taming wild elephants at panead (details on page 21/504).

    Though this activity was obsolete at the time being but experts could still be acquired so it was very nice to witness the old tradition. But these experts gave notice that though the more people watching, the more fun it was but danger was even greater.

    Translating from a note by a royal observer…

    “…At that time, the King gave order for elephant herders to catch a baby elephant to give to Tsarevich as a souvenir.

    A skilled herder was able to catch one and bind it to a stake but the baby elephant struggled and cried for its mother. As for the mother elephant, tears flowed all the ways down and refused to leave her child.

    While the rest of the herders busily drove the rest of the wild elephants back to the forest, the mother elephant got an opportunity.

    Still catching the rope that tightly tied the baby in her mouth and trying to bite it off, the mother thrust her baby with the trunk until the rope was cut off and the baby was free. Then the mother and her child ran off and were lost in the herd of other wild elephants.

    The audiences on the platform all clapped hands in unison for the acts of bravery and love of the mother elephant. Tsarevich removed his emerald with diamond ring from his finger and gave it to the herder who caught the baby elephant in the first place and asked for freedom given to the mother and child elephants…”

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-06-02-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-06-03-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-06-04-jpg

    Last edited by nathanielnong; 16-09-2021 at 10:05 AM.

  8. #1108
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    And the handsome farung Tsarevich Nicolai was like a twin to his cousin in England, George V (computer uncolored photo from later years):

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-georgev-nicholai-jpg

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    Quote Originally Posted by Klondyke View Post
    And the handsome farung Tsarevich Nicolai was like a twin to his cousin in England, George V (computer uncolored photo from later years):

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-georgev-nicholai-jpg

    Couldn't agree with you more!

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    Riau-Lingga Sultanate was a Malay sultanate that existed from 1824 to 1911, before being dissolved following Dutch intervention.

    The sultanate came into existence as a result of the partition of the Johor-Riau Sultanate that separated Peninsular Johor, together with the island of Singapore, from the Riau Archipelago.

    This partition followed the succession dispute following the death of Mahmud III of Johor, when Abdul Rahman was crowned as the first Sultan of Riau-Lingga. The maritime kingdom was recognised by both the British and the Dutch following the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-aa07-01-jpg
    (The dominion of Riau-Lingga Sultanate in red, consisting of many islands in the South China Sea and enclave in Kateman, Sumatra)


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-aa07-02-jpg
    “Tengku (= princess) Supia (cannot find the right spelling)” was a Princess, a daughter of Muhammad II Muazzam Shah, the 2nd Sultan of Riau-Lingga. For a politic reason, she was submitted to be King Rama IV’s Royal Concubine.

    Chakri kings used to have Muslim as royal concubines since King Rama I but this one was a princess so her life in the Siamese Royal Court was not quite smooth (Same case as Princess Dara Rasami of Chiengmai in the reign of King Rama V, King Rama IV's son - her story can be read on page 29/706).

    When King Rama IV died in 1868, the Princess resigned from her royal position and went back home.

    She later married a prince (= tengku) from Kelantan. She used to receive King Rama V during his royal visit to her hometown.

    The Princess died in 1895.

    This computer colored photo of her was taken in Siamese Court by Carl Bismarck in 1861.
    Last edited by nathanielnong; 17-09-2021 at 09:25 AM.

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    Memory Lane (In my own language)-aa13-jpg

    Thip Kaesorn (1841-1884) was the eldest child of Kawilorot Suriyawong, the 6th King of Chieang Mai (royal title called ‘Chao’). She married Inthawichayanon who was her second cousin. When her father died in 1873, Inthawichayanon succeeded him as the 7th King of Chieang Mai.

    During her husband’s reign, Thip Kaesorn and the Viceroy had more authority than the King himself. They had two daughters, Princess Chanthra Sopha and Princess Dara Rasami (her story can be read on page 29/706) who became a Princess Consort of Siam's fifth Chakri monarch, King Rama V.

    Thip Kaesorn died in 1884 from malignant tumor, at the age of 43.

    This computer colored photo of Chao Thip Kaesorn whose original B&W was taken at Francis Chit Photo Studio by the Chao Praya River (related story on page 27/673) in Bangkok in 1866 when she accompanied her father, the 6th monarch who had a mission to consult with King Rama IV concerning the matter with Chieang Mai and King of Ava.
    Last edited by nathanielnong; 18-09-2021 at 09:14 AM.

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    Memory Lane (In my own language)-07-01-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-07-02-jpg

    The Sathorn Mansion is a historic building located on Sathorn Road, Bangkok. It was built in 1888, during the reign of King Rama V by Luang (a noble title granted for a commoner by the king) Sathonrachayut whose original name was Yom Pisolyabutra or Chao Sua (Chinese term meaning 'millionaire') Yom, the wealthy Chinese businessman and government official who was a big canal digging contractor and Klong Sathorn was one of his works. He also owned and developed the land around the Klong.

    After Luang Sathonrachayut died, the mansion was passed to his son-in-law named Luang Chitchamnongwanit who owned a rice mill.

    In 1910, Luang Chitchamnongwanit’s business went bankrupt. He passed his ownership of the mansion to the Privy Purse (later to become the Crown Property Bureau) in 1916.

    In 1924, this mansion was transformed into a hotel called "Hotel Royale" and in 1934 it was changed to “Thailand Hotel”.

    In 1948, the property was leased to the USSR, and it had served as the site of the Soviet—and later Russian—embassy for more than 50 years or until the year 1999.

    In 2000 the Fine Arts Department has surveyed and organized a building to preserve the architecture itself.

    The renovations in the 2000s were completed as part of the development of the Sathorn Square office tower and the W Bangkok hotel, which now flank the mansion on each side.

    It reopened in July 2015 as a restaurant and entertainment venue for the W Bangkok, known as "The House on Sathorn".

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-07-03-jpg
    Last edited by nathanielnong; 20-09-2021 at 09:09 AM.

  13. #1113
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    The princes and princesses with their cameras, (around) 1904

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-07-01-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-07-01-01-jpg



    One of King Rama V’s Royal Concubines is taking a photo of her father, a noble officer and her work

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-07-08-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-07-08-01-jpg

  14. #1114
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    A prequel and then a sequel to the article on page 44/1093…


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-01-jpg

    After Siamese Revolution of 1932 which caused King Rama VII to abdicate and exile to live peacefully in England, the King’s health began to decline.

    He was often ambushed by a case called ‘Angina Pectoris’ which is (or was?) a medical term for chest pain or discomfort due to coronary heart disease. The symptoms concerned with exhaustion and extreme tiredness.

    A British doctor was sent for to offer treatment and medicine at the Compton House every other day until finally he became much better and was being able to resume his daily life, though not back to normal. He could read longer and have fun-loving mood even though the threat of World War II was creeping into England.

    In the morning on March 30th, 1941, the King woke up early with cheerful heart even though his feet were still swollen which had been since the last few days. He was informed earlier that today his wife, Queen Rampai Pannee had asked for his permission to go doing some errand at Vent Court since 8 a.m. but then something bad happened at around 10 a.m., the King abruptly died and someone were sent to bring the Queen back immediately.

    The funeral of King Rama VII which was held 3 days later at Golders Green Cemetery could not be called ‘Royal’ for it was simple without pomp or ceremony of any kinds and attended only by his close family and friends.

    King Rama VII was the one and only king of Siam/Thailand who did not die in his homeland like the others. He came back home in a small Royal Urn with his beloved wife, the Queen. He was only 47 and his reign lasted only 9 years.

    (The computer colored photo above shows King Rama VII and Queen Rampai Panni in England after his abdication)


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-02-jpg
    The humble procession carrying King Rama VII’s ashes contained in an urn on board a liner named ‘Wilhelmrys’ (not being sure of the original spelling from Thai spelling) at Southampton Pier, England; May 1st, 1949


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-03-jpg
    King Rama VII’s widow, Queen Rampai Panni (left) received honorable respect from the Somerset Light Infantry


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-04-jpg
    The widow Queen Rampai Panni is seen with her husband, King Rama VII in his urn at Bangkok Port; May 24th, 1949 (The man in a white uniform on the right is holding the King’s Buddha statue, his personal possession)


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-05-jpg
    An officer is seen carrying the King’s urn on board a Royal boat named ‘Mae Klong’ at Bangkok Port


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-06-jpg
    The King’s urn was changed into the King’s Royal Urn and placed honorably inside the Royal boat while sailing to the Royal Pier close to the Grand Palace


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-07-jpg
    King Rama VII’s half-brother who was appointed as the head Regent is seen carrying the King’s Royal Urn down (what is the term that gives opposite meaning to ‘on board’?) the Royal boat when arriving at the Royal Pier


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-08-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-09-jpg
    The full honorable Royal Procession carrying King Rama VII’s Royal Urn back inside Grand Palace


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a06-010-jpg
    The Royal Urns of the father (King Rama V’s), the mother (Supreme Queen Consort Saovapa Pongsri) and their 2 sons (King Rama VI and VII) inside Chakri Maha Prasat Throne Hall, Grand Palace
    Last edited by nathanielnong; 21-09-2021 at 09:03 AM.

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    The residence of the monarch’s female courtiers was built within the private section of the Grand Palace, the same area of the female royalty’s but was divided separately.

    One apartment building was called ‘Taew Teng’ then followed by the direction where each apartment building was constructed such as ‘east’ Taew Teng or ‘front’ Taew Teng and etc.

    Because the amount of the courtiers were a lot so, the space within each apartment building was quite crammed. Mostly, each apartment's area was divided into private room and a small shop. The pattern looks like this because being courtiers to the female royalty, the owners of these rooms were skilled at various things such as making food, snacks as well as beautiful handicrafts and etc. so they used their skills to earn extra cash.

    Those activities made each Taew Teng become a small market which created a lively meeting place for the palace residents.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a12-01-jpg
    (The computer colored photo shows one of Taew Teng in the reign of King Rama V)


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-a12-02-jpg
    (A renovated Taew Teng today)


    Last edited by nathanielnong; 22-09-2021 at 10:09 AM.

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    The computer colored photo shows Mr. Cleon Seraidaris the sole tutor of two Thai monarchs, King Rama VIII and IX, in Lausanne, Switzerland in 1937.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-aa06-jpg

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    Memory Lane (In my own language)-19-01-jpg


    The Poh Teck Tung Foundation is a rescue foundation famously known for rescuing road accident and managing unclaimed corpses. The foundation originated around a hundred years ago in, back then, Siam concerning Chinese's belief based from good deed as a principle of action.

    Initially started from twelve Chinese merchants called Taihonkon who came to Siam in 1909, they were corpse managing party taking care of the unclaimed corpses. These corpses were buried at Wat Don Cemetery, New Road, which they acquired the property by soliciting the fund together and bought it.

    Succeeding in 1938 with the collaboration of Chinese businessmen and association of publishers, they reformed it by registering the party as an official foundation with the fund of two thousand baht. It was registered as Hua Keaw Poh Teck Seng Tung (Huqio Bod shntng), becoming the 11th foundation formed in Thailand.

    In the 1990s, its volunteers' early presence at the site of accidents led the government to incorporate them into Thailand's developing emergency medical service system.

    The foundation's volunteers, along with similar other groups, now receive rudimentary training and are dispatched as first responders in the majority of accidents.

    Presently not only managing the unclaimed corpses, Por Teck Tung foundation has been doing public welfare such as assisting and bringing relief to any kind of disaster including famine and poverty.

    With the collaboration of Hua Chiew Hospital, they also provide medical services to accommodate the victim. The foundation has expanded their objective in extensive education and established higher education institutions under the royal given name of Hua Chiew Chalermprakiet University.

    The foundation operates throughout day and night, providing the first responder to support the incident as quickly as possible including having the hotline to notify the incident. A citizen can volunteer and participate in the training course. The foundation also accepts donations for several purposes and organizes events for charity and religious belief.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-19-03-jpg


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-19-04-1stcommittee1937-jpg
    The 1st committee in 1937


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-19-02-jpg
    King Rama VIII visiting Poh Teck Tung Foundation in 1946


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-19-05-jpg
    Wat Don Cemetery today


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-19-06-jpg

    Hua Chiew Chalermprakiet University
    Last edited by nathanielnong; 23-09-2021 at 02:49 PM.

  18. #1118
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    Memory Lane (In my own language)-aa01-jpg


    King Rama VI loved to have his court
    ’s subject perform staged plays that he authored. The purpose was collect money to support the wild tiger corps that he had established and else that he saw fit. In each play, he loved to cast himself as one of the characters in the story.

    This computer colored photo above shot in 1921 shows King Rama VI cast himself as Cardinal Casano in a play adapted from Robert Marshall’s ‘A Royal Family’.

  19. #1119
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    Memory Lane (In my own language)-11-00rolin_jaequemynsc_collection_p-h-l-jpg


    Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns, born in Gent in 1835, was a renowned lawyer and a Belgian politician. Together with the Swiss Gustave Moynier, founding member of the International Committee of the Red Cross, he created in 1873 the Institute of International Law.

    In 1904, this institution, which still exists today, received the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of its action in favour of arbitration among States, a peaceful means of settling disputes.

    As former minister of Home affairs (1878-1884) and a reputed expert in international law, he was hired by King Rama V of Siam in order to contribute to the modernization of the country in 1892.

    As General Advisor to the King, Rolin-Jaequemyns exercised for nine years the highest functions in the Siamese Cabinet. With the support of Belgian legal experts, he controlled the process in every department, reorganizing the judicial system, modernizing fiscal and military regulations as well as matters relating to ports, public works, police and foreign affairs.

    He was also mandated by King Rama V to negotiate a compromise with the French government which resulted in 1893 in the Franco-Siamese Treaty through which Siam managed to maintain its independence.

    His achievements for Siam were formally recognized by King Rama V when he elevated Gustave Rolin-Jaequemyns to the rank of Chao Praya, the highest non-royal rank in Siamese hierarchy. His full title was Chao Phya Abhai Raja Siammanukulkij (Note: The non-heredity title Chao Praya Abhai Raja was normally reserved for provincial governors and cabinet ministers).

    Both in Belgium as in Thailand, he is seen as a great man. The Thai honour him as the man who prevented Siam/Thailand from becoming a colony while the Belgians voted him to place 373 of the list of "Greatest Belgians Ever" and (in academic circles) see him as one of the giants of the legal profession.

    But his biggest achievement is his role in the founding of the Institut de Droit International. Its members and Rolin-Jaequemyns used their reputation, their knowledge and their practical experience to lay the foundation of modern international law and the International Court of Justice in which disputes amongst nations are now settled peacefully.

    "The competence and gesture of this person, who was so important to the government of Siam, will be imprinted in our memory forever" King Rama V.

    Rolin-Jaequemyns left Siam in 1901 and died in 1902 at the age of 66 in Brussels, Belgium.


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-11-01-jpg


    Last edited by nathanielnong; 25-09-2021 at 09:34 AM.

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    Rue de Siam or Siam Street was formerly known as Rue Saint-Pierre. The street has been renamed as a memorial on the occasion of King Narai, the Great from Ayutthaya Kingdom sending a group of ambassadors to develop friendly relationship with King Louis XIV of France at Versailles Palace in 1686.

    From the earlier article (page 44/1085), they traveled on 2 boats and came ashore at the port of Brest which was considered the first landmark to enter France then traveled through this said road, constantly surrounded by crowds of curious onlookers, which at time was named Rue Saint-Pierre to the hostel of the same name before continuing the journey to Versailles.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-11-000-jpg
    Etching of the Palace of Versailles in circa 1680 by Adam Perelle


    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-11-001-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-11-002-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-11-003-jpg
    (Shot in later times)Later, the townspeople renamed the street to Rue de Siam to commemorate the embassy's journey. Official using of the name was on July 15th, 1811.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-11-004-jpg

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-11-005-jpg


    Note: Soi Charoen Krung 36, the location of French Embassy in Bangkok was renamed in 2013 to "Rue de Brest" to commemorate diplomatic relation, reciprocating Rue de Siam

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-11-006-jpg

    Last edited by nathanielnong; 27-09-2021 at 09:45 AM.

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    A very early photo of King Rama IV with his Queen and some elder children

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-rama4early-jpg


    43 of the 82 sons and daughters of King Rama IV photographed during the earlier period of the reign of King Rama V

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-k5-43-82-sons-daughters-king

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    (Continued from earlier post)

    An article published in History Today, May 2014 by Paul Murrell titled “Louis XIV and the King of Siam - A foothold in Siam offered new trading opportunities for France in the late 17th century, as well as a chance to spread the Catholic faith”


    The French involvement in Siam in the 17th century was an extraordinary episode in the history of that country’s foreign affairs. It began in the nave and arrogant belief that people in a faraway land, with a religion much older than that of France, could be converted to the Catholic faith and it ended in military humiliation when French forces were drawn into a succession crisis at the Siamese court.

    In the key years from 1685 to 1688 three great embassies were exchanged, two French and one Siamese, lending an air of exotic charm and ceremonial splendor to what was in reality the flimsiest of relationships based on mutual misunderstanding.

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-001-10-004-jpg
    Jacques Vigoureux Duplessis, Three Siamese Ambassadors and Artus de Lionne, c. 1715. Oil on canvas, 160 x 140 cm. Fontaine-Chaalis, France: Muse de l’Abbaye royale de Chaalis.
    Last edited by nathanielnong; Yesterday at 09:07 AM.

  23. #1123
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    Memory Lane (In my own language)-aa11-jpg
    (
    The computer colored photo)

    King Rama V with Supreme Queen Consort and the entourage went to visit Java in 1896. It was a pleasure visit and for the second time following the first time that happened 26 years before.

    Along with this traveling, he planned to send some of his sons off to further their studies in Europe. Their departure would start at Singapore’s port.

    These two photos show King Rama V
    and some royalty/nobility with the King's sons who would soon be off to Europe posting at Robert Lenz Photo Studio in Singapore in 1896.

    Note: The Robert Lenz Photo Studio later opened its business in Siam (story on page 10/232)

    Memory Lane (In my own language)-aa11-01-jpg
    Last edited by nathanielnong; Yesterday at 02:32 PM.

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