Page 252 of 255 FirstFirst ... 152202242244245246247248249250251252253254255 LastLast
Results 6,276 to 6,300 of 6357
  1. #6276
    Thailand Expat harrybarracuda's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2009
    Last Online
    @
    Posts
    80,090
    Quote Originally Posted by havnfun View Post
    Experts, LOL, experts in propaganda maybe.
    An expert mountain climber can actually climb a mountain.
    An expert marksman can hit a target,
    An expert batsman can hit a ball,
    An expert driver can race an F1 car,
    on and on and on, these so called experts have done nothing to prove they are experts at anything other than spouting UN propaganda for 30 years,
    Experts at what?
    An expert on global warming can follow orders.
    You don't need to keep proving you're a fucking moron.

  2. #6277
    Thailand Expat havnfun's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2021
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    Happy Land
    Posts
    1,549
    You could have used a bit of nouce "H"

    An expert moron - havnfun


  3. #6278
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    NASA – July 2021 was the 2nd warmest July recorded



    NASA GISS: NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies





    A new platform developed by NASA called Sea Level Projection predicts the end of the Mexican coastline as we know it, including vacation spots like Acapulco, Cancun and Cabo San Lucas.

    The application allows users to see projections of the rising sea level from 2020 to 2150, according to statistics and forecasts from the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Entrepreneur Magazine reported.

    When the Spanish publication of Entrepreneur looked up conservative scenarios for the year 2100 to see if there was not a greater melting of the poles, it instead found that Acapulco’s sea level will rise 1.16 meters. The business magazine also found that the coasts of Guerrero would be submerged 0.44 meters under the sea by 2050.

    The tool allows users to explore how different processes affect sea level, such as melting ice sheets and glaciers and changing ocean circulation patterns.

    Using the same application to determine the fate of each section of Mexican coastline, the results show the next destination for the following main beaches in the country, as reported by Entrepreneur:

    "Cabo San Lucas: The sea would rise 0.67 meters by the turn of the century in the resort at the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula.
    Guaymas: Sea level would rise 0.80 meters by 2100 in this Sonoran city.
    Mazatlán: This famous destination in Sinaloa would submerge 0.74 meters in less than 79 years.
    Manzanillo: In less than 100 years, the port city of Colima would be 0.91 meters under the sea.
    Acapulco: The jewel of the Mexican Pacific in Guerrero would be one of the most affected coasts, since 1.16 meters of coastline would be lost.
    Salina Cruz: In less than 80 years this town in the Gulf of Tehuantepec in Oaxaca would submerge 0.81 meters.
    Ciudad Madero: The coastal city to the southeast of Tamaulipas would lose 0.93 meters of coastline under the waters.
    Alvarado: In this scenario, the sea level would rise on this Veracruz coast to 0.73 meters.
    Coatzacoalcos: Climate change would rob this Veracruz town of 0.77 meters of coastline.
    Ciudad del Carmen: This municipal head of Campeche would cut 0.90 meters in 80 years.
    Progreso: The Yucatecan port would contract 0.94 meters."

    "Making sea level science accessible is our primary goal," Carmen Boening, a NASA oceanographer who also runs the agency's Sea Level Portal, which houses the projection tool, told Entrepreneur.

    Sea Level Projection Tool – NASA Sea Level Change Portal

    In other news……….



    • A federal judge in Alaska ruled against the Trump administration’s approval of a massive oil drilling project in the state, arguing that the Interior Department did not adequately measure the true environmental impact the project could pose.


    In her opinion, Judge Sharon Gleason of the U.S. District Court for the District of Alaska faulted the department’s Bureau of Land Management environmental assessment of the ConocoPhillips’s Willow project, which was granted approval under former President Trump and was subsequently backed by the Biden administration.

    Gleason argued that the bureau's decision to exclude levels of greenhouse gas emissions in its environmental impact report was “arbitrary and capricious.”

    The Obama-appointed judge also said that the agency acted on the position that “ConocoPhillips had the right to extract all possible oil and gas from its leases” and also did not specify in its environmental analysis how polar bears would be impacted by the project. https://thehill.com/policy/energy-en...laska-drilling
    Keep your friends close and your enemies closer.

  4. #6279
    Thailand Expat havnfun's Avatar
    Join Date
    Mar 2021
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    Happy Land
    Posts
    1,549
    Does anyone doubt that the climate on earth changes? No
    But ask yourself one question, Why do people with lot's of money that want you to pay for "carbon usage" buy massive ocean front property if they really believe that the sea level will rise that much in 12 years.

    So my opinion is that I will do as they do and not what they say.

  5. #6280
    Im bored AF Backspin's Avatar
    Join Date
    Oct 2019
    Last Online
    @
    Posts
    6,331
    Quote Originally Posted by havnfun View Post
    Does anyone doubt that the climate on earth changes? No
    But ask yourself one question, Why do people with lot's of money that want you to pay for "carbon usage" buy massive ocean front property if they really believe that the sea level will rise that much in 12 years.

    So my opinion is that I will do as they do and not what they say.
    Right. The greenwashers can prove all day that the temperature is rising. But what they have to prove is that nature does not have a way of counter balancing rising C02.

    I grew marijuana indoors. And we had a C02 burner. And my golly the plants actually grew faster because we were feeding them more C02. And that's what we have now in the environment. There is more forest in Europe now than there was 100 years ago.

  6. #6281
    Thailand Expat

    Join Date
    May 2008
    Last Online
    25-10-2021 @ 01:03 AM
    Location
    NAKON SAWAN
    Posts
    5,590

  7. #6282
    Thailand Expat harrybarracuda's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2009
    Last Online
    @
    Posts
    80,090
    for 100 trillionths of a second
    Which ironically is roughly the same proportion of the average second during which repeater's brain actually works.

    Laser fusion experiment nears crucial break even point in energy generation

  8. #6283
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Rain at the summit of Greenland | Greenland Ice Sheet Today

    On August 14, 2021, rain was observed at the highest point on the Greenland Ice Sheet for several hours, and air temperatures remained above freezing for about nine hours. This was the third time in less than a decade, and the latest date in the year on record, that the National Science Foundation’s Summit Station had above-freezing temperatures and wet snow. There is no previous report of rainfall at this location (72.58°N 38.46°W), which reaches 3,216 meters (10,551 feet) in elevation. Earlier melt events in the instrumental record occurred in 1995, 2012, and 2019; prior to those events, melting is inferred from ice cores to have been absent since an event in the late 1800s. The cause of the melting event that took place from August 14 to 16, 2021, was similar to the events that occurred this late July, where a strong low pressure center over Baffin Island and high air pressure southeast of Greenland conspired to push warm air and moisture rapidly from the south.


    The plot shows 2-meter air temperature for August 14, as a departure from the 1979 to 2000 reference period for the Arctic and surrounding regions. The plot indicates the warm conditions in southwestern Greenland extending to the Summit region.

    Rain falls on peak of Greenland ice cap for first time

    Rain has fallen on the summit of Greenland’s huge ice cap for the first time on record. Temperatures are normally well below freezing on the 3,216m (10,551ft) peak, and the precipitation is a stark sign of the climate crisis.

    Scientists at the US National Science Foundation’s summit station saw rain falling throughout August 14th but had no gauges to measure the fall because the precipitation was so unexpected. Across Greenland, an estimated 7 billion tonnes of water was released from the clouds.

    The rain fell during an exceptionally hot three days in Greenland when temperatures were 18 degrees higher than average in places. As a result, melting was seen in most of Greenland, across an area about four times the size of the UK.

    The recent report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded it was “unequivocal” that carbon emissions from human activities were heating the planet and causing impacts such as melting ice and rising sea level.

    In May, researchers reported that a significant part of the Greenland ice sheet was nearing a tipping point, after which accelerated melting would become inevitable even if global heating was halted.

    Ted Scambos, a scientist at the National Snow and Ice Data Center at the University of Colorado, which reported the rain at the Greenland peak, told CNN: “What is going on is not simply a warm decade or two in a wandering climate pattern. This is unprecedented. We are crossing thresholds not seen in millennia, and frankly this is not going to change until we adjust what we’re doing to the air.”

  9. #6284
    Thailand Expat

    Join Date
    May 2008
    Last Online
    25-10-2021 @ 01:03 AM
    Location
    NAKON SAWAN
    Posts
    5,590
    Quote Originally Posted by harrybarracuda View Post
    Which ironically is roughly the same proportion of the average second during which repeater's brain actually works.

    Laser fusion experiment nears crucial break even point in energy generation

    You are one strange fellow my friend

  10. #6285
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741

    This graph shows the near record-low amount of multiyear ice in the Arctic as of week 31 (July 30 to August 5) of the 2021 melt season, comparing this year to the same week in previous years of the satellite record that began in 1979.


    This graph compares the area of multiyear ice in the Arctic between 2021, 2020, and the average from 2008 to 2019 as it melts out throughout the spring and summer. The grey lines depict previous years for general comparison.

    National Snow and Ice Data Center |

  11. #6286
    Thailand Expat harrybarracuda's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2009
    Last Online
    @
    Posts
    80,090
    Quote Originally Posted by RPETER65 View Post
    You are one strange fellow my friend
    What, because I posted the link to the story that you reposted because you can't read?

  12. #6287
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Climate change increased the odds and intensity of deadly European floods

    Climate change made deadly European floods more severe

    Human-caused climate change increased the likelihood and intensity of the heavy rainfall that helped cause the devastating floods in Europe in July, an international team of 39 climate scientists stated Monday.

    Why it matters: The study, released Monday, demonstrates how global warming is already influencing extreme weather events in ways that ramp up disaster risks.

    The big picture: A slow-moving low pressure system that tapped into a plume of water vapor-laden air over the Mediterranean helped dump record amounts of rain in Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg from July 12 to 15 of this year.


    • The resulting flash floods and river flooding tore apart communities, and killed at least 220 people in Belgium and Germany alone.


    What they found: The study found that human-caused climate change to date made the heavy rainfall amounts, which caused the floods, between 1.2 and 9 times more likely.


    • On a call with reporters Monday, some of the report's authors said the paucity of long-term river flow records made it hard to narrow down that wide range of results, but added that it is clear that this was an unprecedented rainfall event for the regions most affected.
    • For example, more than 3.67 inches of rain fell during a single day in the vicinity of the Ahr and Erft rivers in Germany, which broke all-time rainfall records.
    • While the new research did find clear ties between the human-driven increase in greenhouse gases and the floods, it also illustrated some of the limitations of what's known as extreme event attribution, particularly when it comes to data that has sparse periods of record or is influenced by multiple factors.
    • Challenges for this analysis included the localized nature of some of the heaviest rains, and the lack of reliable long-term river flow data, in part because the floods themselves destroyed so many river measurement stations.
    • Many factors other than climate events can affect flooding, too, including the built environment and geography in and around waterways.


    How they did it: To determine the role that climate change played in influencing the rainfall rates and totals, researchers examined historical weather data as well as different types of computer models run with and without the effects of human-caused global warming.


    • The simulations with climate change most closely matched the event that occurred.
    • The study looked closely at two key areas affected: the Ahr and Erft river regions of Germany and the Meuse river region in Belgium. The latter area saw 4.2 inches of rainfall over a two-day period, and this water fell on already saturated soils, which meant it ran off directly into rivers and streams.
    • In looking at this smaller region, the scientists found too much variability in the data to reach firm conclusions, which prompted them to zoom out slightly to look at summer rainfall across a broader area to find the likelihood of such extreme rainfall events in much of Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands.
    • The data pulled from the larger region revealed the upward trend in odds as well as intensity. The study concludes that human-caused climate change boosted the amount of single-day rainfall in this event by between 3% and 19%.


    Context: The new study is the product of a global network of scientists who use peer-reviewed research methods to rapidly assess climate change's role, or lack thereof, in extreme weather events. The effort is known as the World Weather Attribution project.

    What's next: The study finds that for a climate that is 2°C (3.6°F) warmer than the preindustrial era, the intensity of a similar 1-day rainfall event would jump by another 0.6% to 6%, and the likelihood by a factor of 1.2 to 1.4.

    What they're saying: "Climate change is hitting us everywhere now," said Maarten van Aalst, a study coauthor and director of the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Center.

    "The increase in risk that we found in this study is something we need to manage by thinking about our flood risk management, about our preparedness, about early warning systems, being ready to tell people what's coming their way and people knowing what to do at that point," he said.

    https://www.politico.eu/article/clim...ibution-study/

    https://www.worldweatherattribution....ttribution.pdf

  13. #6288
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Europe experiences warmest year on record in 2020 - Met Office

    Dr. Simon Evans- Met Office: Last year was the hottest on record in Europe

    It was a staggering 1.9C hotter than average for 1981-2010

    2020 broke the previous record by a massive 0.6-0.7C (eyeballing the graph)

    The last six years include the five hottest years on record



    https://twitter.com/DrSimEvans/statu...59706586701831

  14. #6289
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Glen Peters - Observed warming is driven by emissions from human activities, with GHG warming partly masked by aerosol cooling.



    Warming components add to >1.8°C, while cooling components subtract ~0.8°C, with a net warming of 1.06°C.: https://twitter.com/Peters_Glen/stat...70511401324552

    In other news……….

    Judge rebuffs red states' challenge to Biden's 'social costs' of greenhouse gases

    A federal judge rejected a challenge from 12 states with Republican attorneys general that attempted to block the Biden administration from using certain figures to calculate the climate benefits of rules it puts forward, known as the "social costs" of greenhouse gases.

    The states sued the Biden administration in March, trying to prevent it from using interim values for the costs of carbon, methane and nitrous oxide that were calculated during the Obama administration and adjusted for inflation.

    Both Democratic and Republican administrations have used this “social cost” calculation to quantify the climate benefits or consequences in cost-benefit analyses that provide legal justification for their regulatory actions.

    But values have varied between administrations, with the Obama administration, for example, estimating the social value of emissions reductions to be higher than the Trump administration did.

    On his first day in office, President Biden directed an interagency working group to establish temporary social costs within a month and calculate final social costs by January 2022.

    In February, the White House returned to the Obama-era figure for the moment.

    In their lawsuit, the coalition of states, led by Missouri Attorney General Eric Schmitt (R), argued that Biden’s directions were an overreach, exercising a “quintessentially legislative power.”

    But judge Audrey Fleissig, an Obama appointee in Missouri, argued that her court lacks jurisdiction.

    Fleissig also argued that the states weren’t able to show that they’d actually be harmed by the social cost values, and asserted the fact that they could be harmed by future regulations justified by the values isn’t “concrete.”

  15. #6290
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Sea level in the IPCC 6th assessment report (AR6)

    My (Stefan Rahmstorf) 3 impressions up-front:

    The sea level projections for the year 2100 have been adjusted upwards again.

    The IPCC has introduced a new high-end risk scenario, stating that a global rise “approaching 2 m by 2100 and 5 m by 2150 under a very high greenhouse gas emissions scenario cannot be ruled out due to deep uncertainty in ice sheet processes.”




    The IPCC gives more consideration to the large long-term sea-level rise beyond the year 2100.

    This is a pretty clear illustration of how sea level starts to rise slowly; but in the long run, sea-level rise caused by fossil-fuel burning and deforestation in our generation could literally go off the chart and inundate many coastal cities and wipe entire island nations off the map.

    Explainer: The high-emissions ‘RCP8.5’ global warming scenario


    In other news……..




    A group of Democrats on the tax-writing House Ways and Means Committee introduced a bill Friday aimed at encouraging clean-energy production that they're seeking to include in a forthcoming multitrillion-dollar spending package.

    The legislation would allow solar companies to be eligible for a full-value production tax credit. Currently, this incentive is available for wind and geothermal energy.

    The bill’s release comes as President Biden and congressional leaders have made it a top priority to pass a spending package that includes renewable energy incentives along with funding for child care, education, health care and other Democratic priorities. Democrats plan to pass the spending package through the budget reconciliation process to sidestep the need for any GOP support in the Senate.

    The sponsors of the solar bill say it should be included in the reconciliation measure because it would help advance Biden’s goal of achieving carbon-free electricity production by 2035.




    A Shipping group has submitted plans to the United Nations (UN) for a global carbon tax, Bloomberg reported.

    The International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) submitted its plan to the International Maritime Organization, the UN’s shipping program, for a charge on carbon dioxide emissions


    • Over 230 medical journals: Climate crisis is the "greatest" health threat


    Global warming is affecting people's health and officials need to urgently address the climate crisis now as it can't wait until the COVID-19 pandemic is over, editors of over 230 medical journals warned Sunday evening.

    Why it matters: This is the first time so many publications have come together to issue such a joint statement to world leaders, underscoring the severity of the situation — with the Journal of the American Medical Association, the Lancet and the British Medical Journal among those issuing the warning.

    Ahead of this November's UN general assembly and the Cop26 climate summit in Glasgow, Scotland, with the journals warn: "The greatest threat to global public health is the continued failure of world leaders to keep the global temperature rise below 1.5C and to restore nature."

    Threat level: "Health is already being harmed by global temperature increases and the destruction of the natural world," states the editorial, also run in the New England Journal of Medicine, the International Nursing Review, the Chinese Science Bulletin and Brazil's Revista de Saude Publica.

    "Despite the world’s necessary preoccupation with Covid-19, we cannot wait for the pandemic to pass to rapidly reduce emissions."

    The UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change said global warming could reach 1.5°C (2.7°F) compared to pre-industrial levels by 2030.

    Of note: World Health Organization chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement ahead of the editorial's publication that the "risks posed by climate change could dwarf those of any single disease."

    "We will end the COVID-19 pandemic, but there's no vaccine for the climate crisis," Tedros added.

    State of play: The editorial reports that heat-related mortality among people older than 65 has risen by over 50% in the past 20 years.

    Global warming has also impacted on farming production, "hampering efforts to reduce undernutrition," the journal editors-in-chief write.

    "Higher temperatures have brought increased dehydration and renal function loss, dermatological malignancies, tropical infections, adverse mental health outcomes, pregnancy complications, allergies, and cardiovascular and pulmonary morbidity and mortality."

    The bottom line: "The science is unequivocal: a global increase of 1.5° C above the pre-industrial average and the continued loss of biodiversity risk catastrophic harm to health that will be impossible to reverse," the editorial warns.: https://www.axios.com/over-200-medic...f1c2247ab.html
    Last edited by S Landreth; 07-09-2021 at 08:58 AM.

  16. #6291
    Thailand Expat
    Buckaroo Banzai's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jun 2010
    Last Online
    Today @ 09:26 AM
    Location
    My couch
    Posts
    3,159
    Quote Originally Posted by havnfun View Post
    Does anyone doubt that the climate on earth changes? No
    But ask yourself one question, Why do people with lot's of money that want you to pay for "carbon usage" buy massive ocean front property if they really believe that the sea level will rise that much in 12 years.

    So my opinion is that I will do as they do and not what they say.
    Because they made enough money from idiots like you not to worry about replaining their ocean front houses. I t is people that live in illegal basement apartments that become ocean bottom properties that need to worry.

    "At least 13 people were killed in New York City, police said, 11 of them in flooded basement apartments, "
    More than 45 dead after Ida'''s remnants blindside Northeast
    The sooner you fall behind, the more time you have to catch up.

  17. #6292
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Just for fun.

    New technology. Carbon Capture and Storage


  18. #6293
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Copernicus - August 2021 was tied with August 2017 to be the third warmest August on record



    Globally, August 2021 was:


    • 0.31°C warmer than the 1991-2020 average for August
    • very similar in temperature to August 2017, making the two years the joint third warmest Augusts on record
    • cooler by only 0.1°C than August 2016, the warmest August on record
    • cooler by only 0.05°C than August 2019, the second warmest August.


    Copernicus

    in other news……

    Biden says he'll go to UN climate conference: 'We've got to move the rest of the world'

    President Biden affirmed on Tuesday that he’s planning to go to a major United Nations climate conference set to take place in Glasgow, Scotland, saying that both the U.S. and the rest of the world have to take climate action.

    “I’m going to be heading ... from here to Glasgow in Scotland for the [Conference of the Parties] COP meeting, which is all the nations of the world getting together deciding what we’re going to do about climate change,” Biden said while speaking in New York after Hurricane Ida.

    He said that Special Climate Envoy John Kerry will lead the effort at the international conference set to take place in November.

    “We are determined that we are going to deal with climate change and have ... zero net emissions by 2050,” he said. “We’re going to be able to do these things, but we’ve got to move ... and we’ve got to move the rest of the world.”

    By the November meeting, countries are expected to put forward 2030 emissions reduction targets with the ultimate goal of reaching net-zero emissions by the middle of the century.

  19. #6294
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Zeke Hausfather - August 2021 was the third warmest August on record in the @CopernicusECMWF ERA5 dataset, around 0.7C warmer than the early 1980s and around 1.21C warmer than the preindustrial era.

    2021 is on track to be between the 5th and 7th warmest year on record.: https://twitter.com/hausfath/status/1435781563585867781



    Ed Hawkins - Indicators of our changing climate: https://twitter.com/ed_hawkins/statu...31196144418816



    In other news…….

    Summer of 2021 tied for hottest in US since 1936 Dust Bowl

    The summer of 2021 was tied with the 1936 Dust Bowl as the hottest summer on record, according to a new National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) report.

    June, July and August had a combined average temperature that was nearly 0.01°F hotter than the extreme heat experienced during the Dust Bowl summer.

    Several states, including California, Nevada, Utah, Oregon and Idaho, individually experienced their hottest temperatures on record. Additionally, 16 states recorded summer temperatures that made it into the top five for warmest summers on record. No states reported temperatures that fell below average, according to NOAA.

  20. #6295
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    NOAA - The August 2021 global surface temperature was 0.90°C (1.62°F) above the 20th century average of 15.6°C (60.1°F). This was the sixth warmest August on record. Nine of the 10 warmest Augusts have occurred since 2009.



    The June–August seasonal global surface temperature departure of +0.90°C (+1.62°F) was the fourth highest for the three-month season on record. Only June–August of 2016, 2019, and 2020 were warmer.



    National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)




    Climate change could displace 216 million people by 2050 if issues like rising sea levels, water shortages and decreased crop productivity go unaddressed, a World Bank report titled Groundswell 2.0 warned on Monday.

    The report found that climate migration "hotspots" could emerge by 2030 and cause serious strife in some of the world's most poverty-stricken regions.

    Sub-Saharan Africa alone could account for 86 million internal migrants. The report forecasts another 49 million to come from East Asia and the Pacific, while 40 million others could migrate within South Asia.

    Such dramatic movement would have a major impact on both the places people are leaving and the locations where they are resettling.




    The number of extremely hot days every year when the temperature reaches 50C has doubled since the 1980s, a global BBC analysis has found.

    They also now happen in more areas of the world than before, presenting unprecedented challenges to human health and to how we live.

    The total number of days above 50C (122F) has increased in each decade since 1980. On average, between 1980 and 2009, temperatures passed 50C about 14 days a year.

    The number rose to 26 days a year between 2010 and 2019.

    In the same period, temperatures of 45C and above occurred on average an extra two weeks a year.

    "The increase can be 100% attributed to the burning of fossil fuels," says Dr Friederike Otto, associate director of the Environmental Change Institute at the University of Oxford.



    In other news,…..


    • Vermont sues oil companies over misleading information on climate change


    Vermont on Tuesday filed suit against several fossil fuel companies, alleging the companies misled consumers about their products' effects on climate change.

    Vermont Attorney General T.J. Donovan said the state is asking companies for product transparency akin to labels on tobacco products, The Associated Press (AP) reported. But Donovan said the state is not attempting to prevent the companies from selling their products in the state.

    “What we are saying is that Vermonters have the right to know,” Donovan said, per the AP. “Give Vermonters accurate information. Put a label on the product and let Vermonters decide.”

    https://ago.vermont.gov/wp-content/u...aint-FINAL.pdf




  21. #6296
    Thailand Expat
    Buckaroo Banzai's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jun 2010
    Last Online
    Today @ 09:26 AM
    Location
    My couch
    Posts
    3,159
    There are no antivaxxers, no global warming deniers, no anti science idiots etc. there are only dim witted tools to be used by the players to enhance their revenue stream.

  22. #6297
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    JMA also released their August 2021 number. It shows that August 2021 was the 4th warmest August recorded.




    Five Warmest Years (Anomalies)

    1st. 2016 (+0.34°C), 2nd. 2019,2015 (+0.28°C), 4th. 2021,2020 (+0.27°C)

    Japan Meteorological Agency

  23. #6298
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    NASA – August 2021 was the 6th warmest August recorded




    Data.GISS:
    GISS Surface Temperature Analysis (GISTEMP v4)


    Little more about August 2021







    The US and the EU made a joint pledge on Friday to cut global methane emissions by almost a third in the next decade, in what climate experts hailed as one of the most significant steps yet towards fulfilling the Paris climate agreement.

    The pledge came as the UN secretary-general, António Guterres, warned of a “high risk of failure” at the vital UN climate talks, Cop26, set for Glasgow this November.

    Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, about 80 times more effective at trapping heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide, and emissions have been rising in recent years. Natural gas production and fracking, meat production and other forms of agriculture are among the chief sources.

    The pact between the US and the EU sets a target of cutting at least 30% from global methane emissions, based on 2020 levels, by 2030. If adopted around the world, this would reduce global heating by 0.2C by the 2040s, compared with likely temperature rises by then. The world is now about 1.2C hotter now than in pre-industrial times.

    Boris Johnson said the UK would be one of the first to join the US-EU methane pledge, when it opens for more signatories at Cop26. He told a meeting of world leaders from major economies on Friday: “Over the last 30 years the UK has cut emissions of methane by something like 60%. And there are good commercial uses for methane, you can use it to make fabrics, you can use it to make antifreeze. So the world could slash its output of this powerful greenhouse gas tomorrow if we wanted to.”

    Extra……..




    The White House announced Monday that it plans to develop a federal rule that will require employers to keep workers safe from extreme heat, something workplace safety advocates have sought for years.

    The rule will be crafted by the Labor Department’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration and will apply to both indoor and outdoor workplaces, the White House said. The administration did not release details on what requirements the rule will include, saying it will take the first steps in the rule-making process in October.

    President Joe Biden issued a statement saying he was “mobilizing the administration to address extreme heat,” noting that heat waves brought record temperatures this summer to areas like the Pacific Northwest, where hundreds of people died.

    “Rising temperatures pose an imminent threat to millions of American workers exposed to the elements, to kids in schools without air conditioning, to seniors in nursing homes without cooling resources, and particularly to disadvantaged communities,” the president said.

    A federal heat standard set by OSHA would be significant for several reasons. It would lay out in clear detail what an employer’s obligations are in protecting workers from high heat and give the agency stronger ground from which to issue fines. It would also set minimum requirements in every state, most of which have no occupational rules when it comes to heat.

  24. #6299
    Guest Member S Landreth's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2008
    Last Online
    @
    Location
    left of center
    Posts
    8,741
    Dr. Zeke Hausfather - Summer 2021 was the warmest summer on record for the Earth's land regions (where we all live!). Temperatures for June, July, and August were around 1.5C above preindustrial levels.: https://twitter.com/hausfath/status/...179285/photo/1




    • On September 16, Arctic sea ice likely reached its annual minimum extent of 4.72 million square kilometers (1.82 million square miles). The 2021 minimum is the twelfth lowest in the nearly 43-year satellite record. The last 15 years are the lowest 15 sea ice extents in the satellite record. The amount of multi-year ice (ice that has survived at least one summer melt season), is one of the lowest levels in the ice age record, which began in 1984.




    Arctic Sea Ice News and Analysis | Sea ice data updated daily with one-day lag

    Arctic Sea Ice Reaches 2021 Minimum Extent




    • ‘Big Deal’ Rule Slashing Climate Pollutants Finalized by EPA


    The Biden administration on Thursday finalized its first major move in climate regulation, aimed at curbing greenhouse gases by slashing climate superpollutants called hydrofluorocarbons.

    The rule facilitates an 85% phasedown of the use of hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs, over the next 15 years. That’s estimated to cut the equivalent of 4.5 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide by 2050, White House National Climate Adviser Gina McCarthy told reporters at a Wednesday night press briefing.

    “It’s really frankly, folks, a very big deal,” she said.

    The new standards get the U.S. on track to meet international HFC reduction goals ahead of the upcoming United Nations climate summit in Glasgow. President Joe Biden is eager to show U.S. leadership on climate change on multiple fronts.: https://news.bloomberglaw.com/produc...nalized-by-epa




    Gov. Gavin Newsom signed a $15 billion climate package on Thursday as California wildfires threaten more sequoias at Sequoia National Park.

    Why it matters: The package is the largest such investment in California history as drought conditions have worsened across the state and led to numerous wildfires. More than 1.9 million acres have burned across the state this year, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, including over 220,000 in the Caldor fire last month.

    The big picture: The climate package directs money to build wildfire and forest resilience and support immediate drought response and long-term water resilience.

    The package also directly protects communities across the state from multi-faceted climate risks, including extreme heat and sea level rise.

    The $15 billion package is the final piece of the state's $262.5 billion operating budget, per KPIX-TV. The spending also includes $1.2 billion for water recycling projects, grants to help communities plan for climate change and more.

    “California is doubling down on our nation-leading policies to confront the climate crisis head-on while protecting the hardest-hit communities,” Newsom said.

  25. #6300
    Thailand Expat
    OhOh's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jul 2010
    Last Online
    Today @ 02:23 PM
    Location
    Where troubles melt like lemon drops
    Posts
    23,005
    Chinese scientists complete starch synthesis from CO2, revolutionary for agricultural production and promoting carbon neutrality


    Wang Qi


    Published: Sep 24, 2021 01:49 PM

    "The world top academic journal Science on Friday published a major breakthrough in the artificial starch synthesis made by a research institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). The research is the first time in the world to achieve synthesis of starch from carbon dioxide. Scientists believe it will have a revolutionary impact on future agricultural production and bio-manufacturing.

    Ma Yanhe, director of the Tianjin Institute of Industrial Biology (TIB) and corresponding author of the paper named "Cell-free chemoenzymatic starch synthesis from carbon dioxide," told media that the institute designed a new pathway of unnatural carbon dioxide fixation and starch synthesis from scratch in an 11-step reaction.

    "It also means starch could in future be made from carbon dioxide in a process similar to brewing beer," Ma said, noting carbon dioxide can be reduced to methanol, which can be converted to starch.

    Preliminary lab tests show that synthetic starch is about 8.5 times more efficient than starch produced by conventional agriculture. Under the condition of sufficient energy supply and current technical parameters, the annual production of starch of 1 cubic meter bioreactor is equivalent to the annual production of starch of 5 mu (0.33 hectare) of corn in China.

    "The new route made it possible to shift starch production from traditional agricultural cultivation to industrial manufacturing. And it may be possible to satisfy our carbohydrate needs without farming in the future," a research fellow with Institute of Biophysics, CAS, told the Global Times on Friday on condition of anonymity.

    Cai Tao, the lead author of the paper and an associate professor of TIB, said that if the future cost of their approach can reduce to a more economic-feasible level, compared with agricultural, it will save more than 90 percent of the arable land and freshwater resources, and avoid negative effect on the environment from pesticide and chemical fertilizer.

    It will improve food security, upgrade economic development of carbon neutrality, and promote sustainable biology-based societies, Cai said.

    Starch is the most important component of grain and also an important industrial raw material. Food crisis and climate change are major challenges facing mankind. Sustainable supply of grain starch and conversion and utilization of carbon dioxide are the directions scientific and technological innovation should take, experts said.

    According to TIB, starch is mainly produced by corn and other crops through the fixation of carbon dioxide through natural photosynthesis. Starch synthesis and accumulation involve more than 60 metabolic reactions and complex physiological regulation, and the theoretical energy conversion efficiency is only about 2 percent at present.

    "The cultivation of crops usually requires a long period of time, and requires the use of a large amount of land, water, fertilizers, pesticides and other agricultural production materials… The design of artificial biological system to synthesize starch independent of plant photosynthesis is a major disruptive technology that will have a great impact on the world," the expert with CAS told Global Times.

    Since 2015 the TIB has focused on the bioconversion and utilization of synthetic starch and carbon dioxide, and formed a research team of young scientists with an average age of 30. The team has been deeply engaged in the research and development of synthetic starch project for six years.

    The research work is a key project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a key research direction of the National Innovation Center for Synthetic Biotechnology."

    Chinese scientists complete starch synthesis from CO2, revolutionary for agricultural production and promoting carbon neutrality - Global Times
    Yet another break through for China's National Innovation Center for Synthetic Biotechnology.
    A tray full of GOLD is not worth a moment in time.

Page 252 of 255 FirstFirst ... 152202242244245246247248249250251252253254255 LastLast

Thread Information

Users Browsing this Thread

There are currently 3 users browsing this thread. (0 members and 3 guests)

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •