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  1. #1
    Mid
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    A Move to Register Sex Offenders Globally

    A Move to Register Sex Offenders Globally
    Deena Guzder
    Monday, Sep. 07, 2009


    A U.S. national accused of having sex with minors is taken into custody in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    TANG CHHIN SOTHY / AFP / Getty

    While the world's attention was focused on Phillip Garrido, who is accused of abducting 11-year-old Jaycee Lee Dugard in 1991 and holding her hostage for 18 years as a sex slave, three other alleged sexual predators were quietly brought back to the U.S. to face prosecution for abusing countless children in Cambodia. The horrifying ordeal of Garrido's victim is now well documented; however, the stories of an estimated 1.8 million other children worldwide who are forced into the multibillion-dollar commercial sex trade every year remain largely unheard.

    One of the men arrested in Cambodia, Jack Sporich, 75, spent nine years in a California prison for molesting as many as 500 boys during camping trips. Although Sporich was placed on a public registry and barred from living or working within 1,000 ft. of a school or a child-care center anywhere in the U.S., Cambodian authorities were not notified when Sporich relocated to Phnom Penh in 2006. Sporich was arrested after an investigation by a local agency — Action Pour Les Enfants–Cambodia — alleged that he had lured three Cambodian boys ages 9 to 12 to his home with toys and candies. Court documents state that Sporich also enticed them by dropping Cambodian currency in the street as he rode along on a motorbike.

    The case has reinvigorated support for H.R. 1623, the "International Megan's law," which Representative Chris Smith, a New Jersey Republican, introduced in March 2009. If passed, the bill would alert officials abroad when U.S. sex offenders intend to travel and would encourage other countries to keep sex-offender lists and notify American officials about offenders' U.S. travel plans. U.S. law can grab American predators overseas. Sporich, along with Ronald Boyajian, 49, and Erik Peeters, 41, were charged under the Protect Act, which was enacted six years ago to strengthen federal laws related to predatory crimes committed outside the U.S. (A federal magistrate ordered the three held in custody until their arraignment on Sept. 21. Each could face up to 30 years in prison per victim if convicted.) (See the Czech Republic's extreme solution to sexual predators.)

    But human-rights organizations say their alleged crimes never should have occurred, because all three men were previously convicted of sex offenses in the U.S. and listed in the domestic sex-offender registry. "Sex offenders still think they can come to East Asia and commit new crimes with impunity," says Giorgio Berardi, program officer for combating child-sex tourism at ECPAT International, an organization working to eliminate child pornography, prostitution and trafficking. "We need far better collaboration between countries to prevent sexual exploitation of children." (Read about Iraq's unspeakable crime: mothers pimping daughters.)

    Human-rights organizations say an International Megan's Law would be a step in the right direction. "If we know someone is committing serious crimes at home or overseas, we want to accurately identify them," says Karen Stauss of the Polaris Project, an organization dedicated to combating human-trafficking. Amanda Bissex, UNICEF Thailand's chief of child protection, agrees that H.R. 1623 would benefit vulnerable children. "We need to improve law enforcement and the economic welfare of children," says Bissex, "but we also need to address people's attitudes and create an environment where there is zero tolerance for abuse of children, whether in their home country or overseas."

    Commercial sexual exploitation of children is booming, and governments are not doing enough to protect young people, according to a global report released by ECPAT International in August 2009. "The recent economic downturn is set to drive more vulnerable children and young people to be exploited by the global sex trade," says Carmen Madrinan, executive director of ECPAT International. "The indifference that sustains the criminality, greed and perverse demands of adults for sex with children and young people needs to end."

    UNICEF surveys indicate that 30% to 35% of all sex workers in the Mekong subregion of Southeast Asia are between 12 and 17 years of age. Women and girls from poor rural families make up the majority of sex workers in Southeast Asia, says Bissex. "Even in situations where a child knowingly goes into this, it's not a choice a child can make, or ever would make if they had other [economic] options."

    Representative Smith is one of the few prominent U.S. politicians who has proposed legislation to curb America's role in the international sex industry, an industry that he notes is intimately linked to child prostitution and human-trafficking. "The buyers of commercial sex must be sensitized to the harm they cause women and girls and to the fact their money fuels modern-day slavery," Smith said at a joint briefing of the Congressional Caucus on Human Trafficking and the Congressional Victims' Rights Caucus in July 2009. "A cultural shift that recognizes the link between commercial sex and the trafficking of women and girls would starve the modern-day slaveholders. If potential buyers knew of the unspeakable lives of servitude and degradation these victims suffer, I think they would think twice before laying down their money."

    Earlier this year, the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crimes stated in its Global Report on Trafficking in Persons, 2009 that 79% of all global trafficking is for sexual exploitation, which is one of the world's fastest-growing criminal activities. The report said the proportion of minors involved in the various forms of human-trafficking increased from about 15% to nearly 22% between 2003 and 2007. In June 2009, the Obama Administration expanded the U.S. watch list of countries suspected of not doing enough to combat human-trafficking, putting more than four dozen nations — including Cambodia and the Philippines — on notice that they might face sanctions unless their records improve.

    Sex tourism, whether targeting children or adults, creates huge monetary incentives for human traffickers, according to Siddharth Kara, a board member of the Washington-based NGO Free the Slaves and author of the 2008 book Sex Trafficking. Even within the exploding human-trafficking industry, which according to Kara generated $152.3 billion in revenues in 2007, trafficked sex workers are by far the most profitable of slaves — although they constitute only 4.2% of the world's slave population, trafficked sex workers contribute 39.1% of slaveholders' profits. Destination countries often turn a blind eye to sex tourism because of these enormous revenues. The International Labor Organization estimates that sex tourism contributes 2% to 14% of the gross domestic product of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand.

    This article was reported with a grant from the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting.

    time.com

  2. #2
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    This could too easily become the first step towards a system that would force normal people to ask the government for "permission" to leave the country, think how easily that could be abused. "Gee Mr. Smith, you have no business connections in Thailand, tell us jsut why you want permission to go there." Why don't they simply stop issuing passports to convicted sex offenders, or stamp "convicted sex offender" on these peoples passport in a way it could be missed, hidden or altered.

  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by BobR
    Why don't they simply stop issuing passports to convicted sex offenders, or stamp "convicted sex offender" on these peoples passport in a way it could be missed, hidden or altered.
    Good idea. Perhaps a hammer mark on the forehead would make them clearly identifiable.

  4. #4
    Pronce. PH said so AGAIN!
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    Quote Originally Posted by BobR
    Why don't they simply stop issuing passports to convicted sex offenders, or stamp "convicted sex offender" on these peoples passport in a way it could be missed, hidden or altered.
    The problem with that is that sex offender registries are rather unreliable and are a bit of a 'one size fits all' solution to a complex issue. Sure, this Sporich scumbag in the OP should never have been allowed to go to Cambo but not all sex offenders are equal, or even offenders really:

    Sex laws: Unjust and ineffective | The Economist

    Many people assume that anyone listed on a sex-offender registry must be a rapist or a child molester. But most states spread the net much more widely. A report by Sarah Tofte of Human Rights Watch, a pressure group, found that at least five states required men to register if they were caught visiting prostitutes. At least 13 required it for urinating in public (in two of which, only if a child was present). No fewer than 29 states required registration for teenagers who had consensual sex with another teenager. And 32 states registered flashers and streakers.
    /edited to make sense (hopefully)
    bibo ergo sum
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    This time.

  5. #5
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    I have a problem with SOL's - they lump people into one category. I know a guy in Chicago that was out at the bar with his wife. When they were leaving he stepped into an alley to take a leak and was arrested. He is on an SOL.

    I also know a guy and his wife that were getting it on in their car apark at 3am when no one was around. They were arrested and both on the SOL.

    Both for public indecency. None of three were in a park in rain coats flashing anyone or whipping it out in a pizza place.

  6. #6
    Thailand Expat AntRobertson's Avatar
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    ...Human-rights organizations say an International Megan's Law would be a step in the right direction...
    I'd dispute that. There's significant evidence that Megan's Law isn't even working effectively in the US, let alone on a global scale.

    In fact some critics point to it being a part of the reason that Phillip Garrido was able to go undetected for so long after abucting Jaycee Lee Dugard. And then there are the widely varying privacy laws to contend with - widely varying laws period in fact. I honestly don't think it's at all realistic.

  7. #7
    I am in Jail

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    Quote Originally Posted by Mid
    Sex tourism, whether targeting children or adults, creates huge monetary incentives for human traffickers, according to Siddharth Kara, a board member of the Washington-based NGO Free the Slaves and author of the 2008 book Sex Trafficking.
    It is freighting that these people think that any tourist with natural or unnatural desires for sex are the same and is contributing towards monetary incentives for human traffickers.

    The American religious rights present a far greater danger to children than the average sexpat or sex tourist.

    Ban the missionaries from traveling and make the word a safer place would make more sense.

  8. #8
    Member corvettelover's Avatar
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    the bottom line is if convicted and on a register somewhere
    simple on all passports issued criminal check, sex conviction no passport
    ( the usa gave facial recogination software on immigration cameras in thailand and other asian countries, use it on passports and weed out these people getting false passports.
    so guess what each country gets to keep their own pedods no let them lose to run free and harm kids
    home town problem solve first

  9. #9
    Pronce. PH said so AGAIN!
    slackula's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by corvettelover
    the bottom line is if convicted and on a register somewhere simple on all passports issued criminal check, sex conviction no passport
    What if you are a woman convicted at age 17 for giving a BJ to guy who is 3 weeks shy of his 16th birthday in the state of Georgia and have gone on to have a marriage and family, but are a registered sex offender for life because of that?

    Read the link I gave for reasons why this proposal is a bad idea.

  10. #10
    Member corvettelover's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by slackula View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by corvettelover
    the bottom line is if convicted and on a register somewhere simple on all passports issued criminal check, sex conviction no passport
    What if you are a woman convicted at age 17 for giving a BJ to guy who is 3 weeks shy of his 16th birthday in the state of Georgia and have gone on to have a marriage and family, but are a registered sex offender for life because of that?

    Read the link I gave for reasons why this proposal is a bad idea.
    ok admit system aint perfect but it catches the ones that need to be caught along with a few innocents.
    sorry a kid deserves to grow with out being tampered with
    Last edited by corvettelover; 09-09-2009 at 08:56 PM.

  11. #11
    Pronce. PH said so AGAIN!
    slackula's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by corvettelover
    sorry a kid deserves to grow with out being tampered with
    Of course they do, that is not the issue. The issue is that minor crimes such as pissing in a public place can get somebody onto a list that isn't really appropriate to their crime.

    As long as the laws place somebody who takes a leak against a lamp post in the same category as a hard-core kiddy fiddler then any sort of global registry will be unfair and overly intrusive.

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