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  1. #1
    ENT
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    Mutant Ocker Toads!

    Toadbusters spy blind 'mutant' problem Last updated 17:36 11/02/2013



    A toad with an extra limb growing from its back was found in Gladstone, Queensland.


    A concerning rate of "mutant toads" with extra limbs and missing eyes are being found in the industrial Queensland city of Gladstone.
    Scott Wilson from Central Queensland University said up to 20 per cent of cane toads in certain areas in Gladstone were found with "malformations", compared with one per cent of the population in non-urban areas.

    On average, between six and eight per cent of 10,000 cane toads examined across the Gladstone region have been found with abnormalities in the past three years.

    Cane toads have been found with a third leg growing from their chest, while others have been found with missing limbs.

    The toads are caught for environmental research by a council-run team of Gladstone Toadbusters. The group catches as many as 500 toads in an hour.

    Gladstone is home to a coal-fired power station, two aluminium refineries, and a developing liquefied natural gas industry. But Dr Wilson said the city's heavy industry was not necessarily to blame for malformations in the toads.

    "In fact I did some preliminary work in Sydney with native frogs and found abnormalities in around six to eight per cent of the population there," Dr Wilson said.

    The mutations in Gladstone's cane toads could therefore spell problems for native frogs in the region too.
    "Cane toads are to the fresh water environment, what canaries were to coal mines," Wilson said.

    High exposure to ultraviolet radiation and parasites, as well as chemical runoff and airborne pollution can contribute to abnormalities in the amphibians.
    "There are a multitude of potential causes," Wilson said.
    "What might be happening at one site could be different to what's happening at another."

    He said further funding was crucial for continued analysis.
    "Definitely, follow-up studies are needed. We've seen malformations constantly over the past three years, and we need to find out why," Wilson said.

    The water quality and health of fish in Gladstone Harbour has been in sharp focus in recent years.
    Temporary fishing bans have been imposed on the central Queensland harbour, after fish with skin lesions and cloudy eyes were found.

    In 2011, 231 turtles and six dolphins were found dead in Gladstone.
    Fishermen have blamed the water in the harbour for causing the problems, suggesting large-scale dredging had stirred up contaminants.
    http://www.stuff.co.nz/oddstuff/8289...mutant-problem
    Last edited by ENT; 11-02-2013 at 12:55 PM.
    “Is it not written in your Law, ‘I said, you are gods’? John 10:34.

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    The Dentist English Noodles's Avatar
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    Sure they found the same with frogs in Middlesbrough Uk years back.

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    Quote Originally Posted by ENT
    Gladstone is home to a coal-fired power station, two aluminium refineries, and a developing liquefied natural gas industry. But Dr Wilson said the city's heavy industry was not necessarily to blame for malformations in the toads.
    Quote Originally Posted by ENT
    High exposure to ultraviolet radiation and parasites, as well as chemical runoff and airborne pollution can contribute to abnormalities in the amphibians.
    Quote Originally Posted by ENT
    The water quality and health of fish in Gladstone Harbour has been in sharp focus in recent years. Temporary fishing bans have been imposed on the central Queensland harbour, after fish with skin lesions and cloudy eyes were found.
    Just what kind of "study," needs to be made to define the source of these mutations?

    Oddly, sounds very American this.

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    ENT
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    The first time I saw multi-limbed frogs was in the Senchal Lakes, reservoir near Darjeeling above 7,000 ft ASL when I was young, back in the 1950's.

    The biology teacher who was with us at the time had no explanation for them, and I doubt that the frogs were as a result of Hiroshima/Nagasaki, too far away.

    Mutant species of other life forms, both plants and insects have been recorded there in the past, but nothing drastic! Usually eyes turning different colours as in some salamanders found there.

    Other possible causes than radiation could be from chemicals depoted there during the British occupation of India.

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    Pesticide use is quite common for these results.

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    Maybe just natures try at mutation. If it works all toads will have three legs.

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    Five surely.

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    ENT
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    Quote Originally Posted by ltnt View Post
    Just what kind of "study," needs to be made to define the source of these mutations?
    Air, soil and water sampling is the first move, then a random sampling of frogs from a wider area than surveyed so far, followed by a breeding program for these frogs which would involve existing air, soil and water conditions along with mixed new environments for each breeding group.

    After a few breeding seasons some results may be distinctly different enough to be measured and plotted so that genetic changes may be successfully predicted.

    Probably University of NSW would be the one to do that.

    Someone will, as people aren't just gonna ignore the fact that almost 10% of the local frogs are mutants, that's an extraordinarily high number of mutations per generation in a species.

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    ENT, I was being sarcastic. American humor.

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    Oops!

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    Gladstone is a busy mining/resources port area, it's basically a small town that's exploded with CSG and other major resource and infrastructure projects over the past 10 years.

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    Quote Originally Posted by ENT View Post
    The first time I saw multi-limbed frogs was in the Senchal Lakes, reservoir near Darjeeling above 7,000 ft ASL when I was young, back in the 1950's.

    Fuck. You must be really old.

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    Quote Originally Posted by palexxxx View Post
    Quote Originally Posted by ENT View Post
    The first time I saw multi-limbed frogs was in the Senchal Lakes, reservoir near Darjeeling above 7,000 ft ASL when I was young, back in the 1950's.

    Fuck. You must be really old.
    No, he WAS old.....

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    True.

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    This is what happens when you drink weak as piss Aussie beer.

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    Mutant toads cropping up in Australia


    Brisbane Times, AUS - A concerning rate of "mutant toads" with extra limbs and missing eyes are being found in the industrial Queensland city of Gladstone.

    Scott Wilson from Central Queensland University said up to 20 per cent of cane toads in certain areas in Gladstone were found with "malformations", compared with 1 per cent of the population in non-urban areas.

    Cane toads have been found with a fifth leg growing from their chest, while others have been found with missing limbs.

    Gladstone is home to a coal-fired power station, two aluminium liquefied natural gas refineries, and a developing industry.

    But Dr Wilson said the city's heavy industry was not necessarily to blame for malformations in the toads.

    "In fact I did some preliminary work in Sydney with native frogs and found abnormalities in around 6 to 8 per cent of the population there," Dr Wilson said.

    Undernews: Mutant toads cropping up in Australia


    Quite a high mutation rate, suggestive of an almost total mutation potential at 20%.

    At that rate, if all the toads interbred in that area, by the 6th generation most of the toads would be the new species with five legs, or missing legs.

    All the areas studied have elevated levels of industrial pollution.

    The Fukushima studies also show an alarming mutation rate where nearly all species of plants and animals show mutation rates far in excess of natural selection.

    Mutant butterflies aren't the only animal affected.

    Mutated field crops, obviously tomato and any fruiting crop, as fruit tend to show the result of genetic mutation immediately and most obviously.
    Whole limb mutation as in butterflies and frogs usually only show up a few generations along from the trigger point of mutation in time, sometimes several years later.

    In species with shorter life-cycles. one can expect to see genetic change sooner.

    Here's the much publicised mutant rabbit found in Fukushima.

    There are others, but this one escaped the censors.





    FRESH fears over a nuclear leak at the tsunami-ravaged Fukushima plant have re-ignited after a rabbit born close to the facility was found to have no ears. Locals have been left wondering whether this earless bunny - found near the facility at the end of last month - was the first sign of side-effects from the nuclear catastrophe.
    The Fukushima plant suffered terrible damage when a tsunami, triggered by an earthquake, swept through the facility in March, destroying reactors.
    Following a blast at the plant that caused initial leaks, officials warned people living near Fukushima to stay indoors, turn off airconditioning and stop drinking tap water.
    Since then experts have been nervously watching radiation levels around the plant.
    The Japanese government has already more than doubled the estimate for the amount of radiation released by the plant.

    The government's Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency also said during a briefing in Tokyo that it was now believed that reactor cores in some of the units melted more quickly than previously thought.
    http://www.news.com.au/world-old/rab...-1226074074221
    Last edited by ENT; 15-02-2013 at 08:17 AM.

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    These cases, although from different parts of the Pacific do have a common factor other than locale. A chemico-nuclear industry factor is involved, either as chemical processing plants in the areas concerned or in nuclear energy production or testing.

    In the Gladstone mutations case, air-borne radioactive iodine polluted the milk supply of most of Eastern Australia, especially the Central Queensland and Northern NSW areas during the 1960' and 1970's.Nuclear radiated pollution was swept from Mururoa by both sea and air currents during the French nuclear programme testing there.

    Mutated fish, mammal, bird, insect and plant species were recorded at Mururoa, and workers on the site were similarly affected, although all information concerning the levels of nuclear pollution and its effects on both the local populace and the Australian population were never btoadcast, much to the shame of both the Australian and NZ governments, let alone that of France.

    Mururoa was closed down, and the place is now uninhabitable.

    The sub-marine nuclear pollution from Mururoa is still seeping out from that atoll, the South Pacific current washing it continually into East Australian coastal areas and the North Western coast of the Noth Island NZ, then further to S, American, western seaboard, and all the South Pacific islands inbetween.

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