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  1. #1
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    1976 October 6th Student Massacre, 33 Years Ago Today...

    33 years ago to this very day, a short lived democratic era in Thai History came to a bloody and miserable end.

    Thanom Kittikachorn, who had been in exile since the bloody democratic revolution in 1973 had returned to Thailand under the guise as a monk, only a couple of weeks earlier.


    Thanom Kittikachorn


    Thanom Kittikachorn as a Monk
    There was an uproar over the issue of his return and students from several universities came together to protest his return and demand criminal investigations into his role in the 1973 killings, as well as the unrivaled corruption during his time in power.

    The democratically elected prime minister at that time, Seni Pramot, handed in his resignation once he realised HM the King had paid a visit to the ex dictator. However, his resignation was not accepted and he was forced to carry on as PM.

    Seni Pramot

    On the days immediately before the massacre, the protests began to gain momentum and intensified. Several newspapers printed doctored photos of a mock hanging, claiming that the students had meant the victim to resemble the crown prince. Also, radio stations (including Samak's) broadcasted right wing propaganda accusing the students of being communists and inciting violence to be carried out against them.

    On October 6th 1976, the situation reached breaking point. Members of the police, army and right wing paramilitary groups opened fire on student protesters inside Thammasat University grounds, killing scores of unarmed male and female students. Later on, soldiers stormed the University, killing people trying to hide or escape the massacre. Bodys were mutilated and hanged from trees as well as being set on fire. In total it is estimated that possibly hundreds were killed or disappeared, although the official figure is in the 40s.

    WARNING NASTY PHOTOS




















    After the killing had stopped, the democratic government was overthrown by a military coup. Reinstating the old Elite back into power. The extremely right wing government of Tanin Kraivixien was chosen to lead the country, resulting in a period of extreme media censorship and communist crackdowns. The perpetrators of the killings were never brought to justice. Thanin is now a member of the Privy Council.



    Tanin

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    Nice work, my friend. Might I add a valuable resource for added info? Try: http://www.2519.net/

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    Thanks for those links.

    Interesting to note that these questions that Ajarn Thongchai presented in 1996 have as far as I know, remained unanswered.

    Why was ex-dictator Thanom Kittikachorn let back into the country? Who OK'd this? Why was he allowed to enter the monkhood at Wat Bowarniwet: the royal monastery? Why did the head monk of the Wat, who was the current King's private teacher and in 1987 became the Supreme Patriarchy, allow Thanom to ordain there? Who produced the doctored photos of students hanging the Crown Prince in effigy (the spark which led to the massacre), and why did the Bangkok Post and a Thai language daily choose to run them? Who ordered the shooting to begin, and did anyone at the top at all try to order the soldiers to stop?
    Also note, that the Bangkok Post was one of only 2 newspapers responsible for publishing the doctored photos, which were responsible for the uproar from the right wing thugs, who later went on to murder and rape innocent students.

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    WARNING: The next one is EXTREMELY EXTREMELY graphic. Do not watch if you don't want to know what actually happened on this day in 1976.

    Last edited by madjbs; 07-10-2009 at 12:22 AM.

  8. #8
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    Wow, I'm surprised that last video is still on youtube. Very sad.

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    Quote Originally Posted by The Fresh Prince View Post
    Wow, I'm surprised that last video is still on youtube. Very sad.
    One can find a wealth of assorted videos, reportage, etc regarding October 1973, October 1976, and May 1992.....

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    oh yes it was nasty despite the noble cause

    another case of why Monkeys and Democracy doesn't mix well together,

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    Quote Originally Posted by Butterfly View Post
    oh yes it was nasty despite the noble cause

    another case of why Monkeys and Democracy doesn't mix well together,
    Starting to sound like Nam Jai, Butters. Monkeys and blah, blah, blah....

  12. #12
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    Quote Originally Posted by madjbs View Post
    33 years ago to this very day, a short lived democratic era in Thai History came to a bloody and miserable end.

    Thanom Kittikachorn, who had been in exile since the bloody democratic revolution in 1973 had returned to Thailand under the guise as a monk, only a couple of weeks earlier.


    Thanom Kittikachorn


    Thanom Kittikachorn as a Monk
    There was an uproar over the issue of his return and students from several universities came together to protest his return and demand criminal investigations into his role in the 1973 killings, as well as the unrivaled corruption during his time in power.

    The democratically elected prime minister at that time, Seni Pramot, handed in his resignation once he realised HM the King had paid a visit to the ex dictator. However, his resignation was not accepted and he was forced to carry on as PM.

    Seni Pramot

    On the days immediately before the massacre, the protests began to gain momentum and intensified. Several newspapers printed doctored photos of a mock hanging, claiming that the students had meant the victim to resemble the crown prince. Also, radio stations (including Samak's) broadcasted right wing propaganda accusing the students of being communists and inciting violence to be carried out against them.

    On October 6th 1976, the situation reached breaking point. Members of the police, army and right wing paramilitary groups opened fire on student protesters inside Thammasat University grounds, killing scores of unarmed male and female students. Later on, soldiers stormed the University, killing people trying to hide or escape the massacre. Bodys were mutilated and hanged from trees as well as being set on fire. In total it is estimated that possibly hundreds were killed or disappeared, although the official figure is in the 40s.

    WARNING NASTY PHOTOS




















    After the killing had stopped, the democratic government was overthrown by a military coup. Reinstating the old Elite back into power. The extremely right wing government of Tanin Kraivixien was chosen to lead the country, resulting in a period of extreme media censorship and communist crackdowns. The perpetrators of the killings were never brought to justice. Thanin is now a member of the Privy Council.



    Tanin
    With Samak on the radio egging them on to kill!
    What a great post, and some pretty sobering photos, I personally think that this Kreng Jai / face shit, has a lot to do with it, they bottle everything up as they are told, but when someone lights the fuse, they go off like a Chinese firecracker!

    There is no middle road here, it is just a continuous swing between two extremes, with the government and media trying to paint a rosy picture.

  13. #13
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    Quote Originally Posted by Rural Surin
    Starting to sound like Nam Jai, Butters. Monkeys and blah, blah, blah....
    but that's what they are. Figuratively of course. They don't have the culture or even the knowledge to understand the concept behind this western invention, because Democracy is a western invention, it's that simple. You can't blame them.

  14. #14
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    University marks Oct 6 massacre
    6/10/2010

    A somber commemoration on the government’s crackdown of thousands of students in Thammasat University campus 34 years ago ended peacefully on Wednesday, despite authorities' warnings of possible violence, with a strong pledge from the younger generation, “Brothers, we shall not forget who killed you that day!”

    A hundred people took part in a religious rite to commemorate the deaths and people still missing from Oct 6, 1976 - an annual event in Thammasat University’s architectural garden depicting the less-discussed unfortunate pages of Thai contemporary political history.

    Active students, mostly from prestigious Chulalongkorn and Thammasat universities, staged a dramatic performance mimicking the killing the anti-government students inside the university compound over three decades ago.

    The present-day students completed the commemoration at noon with a poetry reading, singing and unveiling of an exhibition at one side of the soccer field, which 34 years ago was a killing field of the peacefully gathering students.

    The Oct 6, 1976 massacre led to several-years of bitter armed conflict between the intellectuals, farmers and unionists supporting the now disbanded Communist Party of Thailand and the rightist governments.

    Chanting the verses about the institutionalised killings of the people however reflected more of the politically active young students’ bitter memories of the Ratchadamonoen-Ratchaprasong crackdown this year.

    Din Buadaeng, a second-year student from Chulalongkorn University’s faculty of arts, member of the newly emerging Chulalongkorn Community for the People, said that the red-shirted demonstration has paved way for political awareness among the students to seek truth in the lesser-known history.

    “We would like to go beyond the red-shirts versus the yellow-shirt political discourse and remind Thai society of the state violence that occurred 34 years ago,” said Mr Din, whose mother went into the jungle to join the revolutionary forces.

    Prab Rakchailai, 19-year-old secretary general of Thammasat Community Against Dictatorship, said his group has joined the Ratchaprasong, Sept 19 coup and Oct 6, 1976 commemoration as it would like to remind society of this hidden side of the history.

    At a commemorative seminar titled “Violence and State Power,” Sirote Klapaiboon, a Mahidol University political scientist, said any society, Thailand included, must think thoroughly how to eliminate conditions that led to a situation whereby people felt deprived of conventional forms of political struggle.

    ‘Normally, it’s the government who use force against the people, but violence can also stem from protesters too and we must try to prevent the situation in which citizens are bullied or belittled by the state so much that they resort any means to achieve their political goals,” said Mr Sirote, a human rights scholar.

    It was ironical that Thai society tended to embrace certain violence by state against demonstrators when it fitted into their political leanings, Mr Sirote said.

    There was a tendency for the red-shirted group to liken the April-May violence to the Oct 6 massacre while the yellow-shirted group viewed Oct 7, 2008 as state violence against people who fought for democracy, he said.

    “The point is that perception and memories about historical facts will be selected by their present political bias and there will not be a real common history memory such as Oct 14, 1973-- which is widely perceived as a prelude to democracy,” said the lecturer.

    Suthachai Yimprasert, Chulalongkorn University assistant history professor, said Thai society has been familiar with political killings through the contemporary history.

    Mr Sutachai mentioned such victims names as politicians Tieng Sirikhan, Thong-in Phuripat (in the 1940s and 50s), unionist Arom Pongpha-ngan and socialist academic Bunsanong Bunyothayan (in the 1970s).

    “Then there were Oct 14, 1973 (that ousted the Thanom government), the Oct 6, 1976 massacre, May 1992, and May 2010. I have dim hope that there could be ways to avoid political killings in Thai society,” said Mr Sutachai, who was himself a victim of political violence in October 1976 and May 2010.

    bangkokpost.com

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    "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it."

    George Santayana

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    Quote Originally Posted by Mid
    deaths and people still missing from Oct 6,
    The Thai way, still missing.

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    Remembering the October 1976 massacre



    Above and below: Thairath, October, 1976 - The headlines read: A sea of blood [carnage] - Dead and injured approximately one hundred - Arresting the students to hang them - Announcing an emergency - Red hot photo collection from Thammasat University on page 4-7




    Forgive - ASTVManager, cartoon “Obamark” by Bancha/Kamin, November 25, 2009

    The crowd is shouting "Forgive each other" [literally "forgive"] in front of the gate at Bamrungrad Hospital where Samak passed away. The caption at the bottom right says “Yesterday, many Thais said this word.” At left are ghosts of those lynched and tortured during the events of 1976 and at the right at Truth Today (Red Shirt) supporters.

    [It is Thai Buddhist tradition to say "forgive you" and "forgive me" to the dead so that the spirit of the dead can be at peace. The Manager's Buncha usually pulls no punches in his cartoons and we are not sure if any irony is implied here or if the sentiment is sincere.]

    2bangkok.com

  18. #18
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    Quote Originally Posted by madjbs View Post
    Thanks for those links.

    Interesting to note that these questions that Ajarn Thongchai presented in 1996 have as far as I know, remained unanswered.

    Why was ex-dictator Thanom Kittikachorn let back into the country? Who OK'd this? Why was he allowed to enter the monkhood at Wat Bowarniwet: the royal monastery? Why did the head monk of the Wat, who was the current King's private teacher and in 1987 became the Supreme Patriarchy, allow Thanom to ordain there? Who produced the doctored photos of students hanging the Crown Prince in effigy (the spark which led to the massacre), and why did the Bangkok Post and a Thai language daily choose to run them? Who ordered the shooting to begin, and did anyone at the top at all try to order the soldiers to stop?
    Also note, that the Bangkok Post was one of only 2 newspapers responsible for publishing the doctored photos, which were responsible for the uproar from the right wing thugs, who later went on to murder and rape innocent students.
    I know the questions are rhetorical but we all know the answers, don't we?

  19. #19
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    Thanom Kittikachorn, a military ruler of Thailand who helped the United States during the Vietnam War before being ousted in a popular uprising in 1973, died Wednesday. He was 92. Field Marshal Thanom died at Bangkok Hospital, where he had been treated since Jan. 19 after suffering a stroke, a hospital statement said. He never fully recovered from brain surgery, the hospital said.
    Field Marshal Thanom came to be known as one of Thailand's ''Three Tyrants'' when he ran the country in the 1960's and early 1970's with his son, Col. Narong Kittikachorn, and Colonel Narong's father-in-law, Field Marshal Praphas Charusathien.
    The three were driven into exile after a student-led uprising in October 1973. They were accused of nepotism, corruption and ordering troops to fire on protesters in the streets of Bangkok during the uprising. The official death toll was 77, with hundreds injured, although many reports put the number of dead higher.
    Field Marshal Thanom's rule was noted for its close ties with the United States. During the Vietnam War, his government allowed tens of thousands of American troops to be stationed in Thailand and allowed the United States to build air bases from which most of the bombing of North Vietnam and Laos was carried out.
    At the same time, his heavy-handed rule brought resentment at home.
    Despite a veneer of democracy, Field Marshal Thanom's government moved against even mild dissent, sweeping away opponents in Parliament. The leaders also reportedly used state funds for their own benefit -- most notably from the official lottery -- and steered contracts to cronies and companies in which they were given stakes.
    After Field Marshal Thanom and his colleagues fell in 1973, the new government seized assets from the three worth about $30 million.
    Field Marshal Thanom, who served as prime minister, was generally seen as the most conciliatory of the three, while Field Marshal Praphas was the hard-liner. A dapper, silver-haired man with a cheery grin, Field Marshal Thanom often served as a peacemaker between opposing political factions.
    He was allowed to return to Thailand in 1976 to serve as a Buddhist monk, prompting new demonstrations by pro-democracy protesters. Many feared his return was meant to set the stage for a counterrevolution.
    On Oct. 6, 1976, a killing of student protesters by police and army officers took place at Thammasat University in Bangkok, and a coup installed a new, military-led government. The official death toll was 46, but the total was higher, with hundreds injured.
    Neither Field Marshal Thanom nor his two former ruling partners resumed any public political role. Field Marshal Praphas died in 1997.
    In the past decade, Field Marshal Thanom made an effort to rehabilitate his image and sought to recover some property seized when he was overthrown.
    Thanom Kittikachorn was born Aug. 11, 1911, in Tak Province, the son of a junior government official. He attended Army Cadet Academy, and his move up the ranks was accelerated after he took part in a 1947 coup. In the 1950's, he entered politics and served in several posts. He was appointed as a figurehead prime minister for nine months in 1958 before the military strongman Sarit Thanarat assumed dictatorial powers.
    F

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    One of the ironies of the past few years of Thai politics is the cynical choice of Samak to lead the PPP in 2007. Thaksin choose him because of his impeccable royalist credentials and his name recognition among the rural poor. This name recognition is directly tied to the October 1976 Massacre. Samak is credited with being one of the key inciters from his program on the Army Radio station to get the Village Scouts and Red Gaurs to attack the students in early morning of October 6. Most of the worst atrocities you see in video (and not seen) were done by the Village Scout and Red Gaurs near the entrance to the University.

    The irony is the “shock troops” that the UDD leadership sent outside the barricades starting on May 14, 2010 to attack the Army setting up the blockade of the Rajprasong protest site in many cases are the sons and grandsons of these same Village Scouts and Red Guar who now are being incited by leaders who claim the moral high ground of the victims of the October 1976 Massacre.

    Just goes to show how convoluted and cynical Thai politics really is and how the poor in this country are used by their leaders, time and again, to promote an agenda that is rarely the one publically announced.
    TH

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  22. #22
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    Quote Originally Posted by madjbs View Post
    WARNING: The next one is EXTREMELY EXTREMELY graphic. Do not watch if you don't want to know what actually happened on this day in 1976.

    Always fascinates me how Thai men really lose it once you've apologized or died. They are so emotionally repressed that only wearing a dress and pretending to be a girl or beating the crap out of a dead body can act as an outlet.

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