Ubon Ratchathani Candle Festival

The Significance of Crafted Candles as Buddhist Lent Merit-Making Offerings.

As the seasonal monsoon rains descend over the kingdom, it marks the beginning of the Buddhist "rain retreat" and the Buddhist Lent, or "Phansa", during which all Buddhist monks retreat to the temples. This is also an auspicious time for Buddhist ordinations as it marks a period of spiritual renewal.

Known as "Khao Phansa", the Buddhist Lent is a time devoted to study and meditation.

Buddhist monks remain within the temple grounds and do not venture out for a period of three months starting from the first day of the waning moon of the eighth lunar month (in July) to the fifteenth day of the waxing moon of the eleventh lunar month (in October).

In former times, this is done to prevent monks from trampling upon rice paddies when they venture out to receive offerings from the villagers.
Villagers thus actively engage in merit-making during the Buddhist Lent, visiting temples to make offerings of food and items for daily use.

The presentation of items that provide light, such as candles, lanterns and lamp oil, is deemed to be particularly important as these facilitate the study of holy scriptures and meditation by providing illumination to the monks, physically and spiritually.

Buddhism, Buddhist traditions and beliefs are central forces that shape the local way of life. Various festivals of religious origin have been observed for generations and have evolved into full-scale festivals featured in the Buddhist calendar and the kingdom's official calendar of festivals and events.

The Candle Festival of Ubon Ratchathani province features a procession of ornately-carved traditional beeswax candles of various shapes and sizes.

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